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United States Chapter 30 Test
Terms in this set (27)
State of political hostility that existed between the Soviet bloc countries and the US-led Western powers from 1945 to 1990.
A policy that aimed controlling the spread of communism around the world, developed by the administration of President Harry S. Truman.
(North Atlantic Treaty Organization) A military alliance of European and North American democracies founded after WWII-especially the United States and Europe- and to serve as a counter-balance to the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact.
A military alliance of communist nations in Eastern Europe. Organized in 1955 in answer to NATO.
What countries did the Warsaw Pact include?
Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union.
Fortified concrete and wire barrier that separated East and West Berlin from 1961 to 1989. It was built by the government of what was then East Germany to keep East Berliners from defecting to the West.
American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the US gave over 12 billion dollars in economic support to help Western European economics after the end of WWII.
Name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of WWII in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991. From speech given by Winston Churchill.
First Soviet satellite was the first satellite to be placed in orbit. Starts the Space Race and the formation of NASA by the United States.
Great Leap Forward
Effort made by the Communist Party of China under Mao Zedong to transform China into a society capable of competing with other industrialized nations, within a short, five-year period.
A communist guerilla organization which opposed the Cambodian government in the 1960s and waged a civil war from 1970, taking power in 1975.
(Line of separation) Latitude in the Northern Hemisphere, used as the Pre-Korean War boundary between North Korea and South Korea. Today it is the most militarized place on Earth.
(M for Missile) Intercontinental ballistic missile is a guided ballistic missile with a minimum range of 3,400 mi primarily designed for nuclear weapons delivery.
Better than the league of nations...
International organization formed in 1945 to increase politic/economic cooperation among countries. Works on economical and social development programs, improving human rights and reducing global conflict.
Cuban Missile Crisis
What a crisis...
Confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba one of the hottest periods of the cold war. This could of been another war.
Fought against the contras...
Left-wing Nicaraguan political organization, which came to power in 1979 after overthrowing the dictator Somoza. Opposed during most of their period of rule by the US backed Contras, the Sandinistas were voted out of office in 1990.
Form of government where group of military leaders form a dictatorship.
Premier of the Soviet Union in the late 1950s and early 1960s, led a campaign called, Stalinization, to remove the influence of the late Josef Stalin from Soviet Society.
Seized the leadership of the Soviet Communist party from Nikita Khrushchev in 1964.
He co-founded and headed Solidarity, the Soviet's bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
Cuban revolutionary and politician who governed the Republic of Cuba as Prime Minister from 1959 to 1976 and then as President from 1976 to 2008. Used communism, hated the US.
Cambodian political leader whose Khmer Rouge movement overthrew the Cambodian government in 1975. Under his regime executions, and famine killed an estimated 3 million people.
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese communist, president of North Vietnam 1954-69. Fought against the US the west.
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms.
President of the Russian republic who criticized the slow pace of Gorbachev's reforms. In 1991, he successfully led the opposition to an attempted coup by communist hard-liners and became the most powerful person in the former Soviet Union
Chinese communist leader. Founder of the Chinese Communist Party (1921), commanded troops in the Civil War and proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949. Policies killed over 40 million people.
Chinese leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to 1989 to capitalism and transformed economy.
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