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Politics of the United States
Civics- Supreme Court Cases
Terms in this set (27)
Supreme Court ruled that a public school could not suspend students who wore black arm bands to symbolize their opposition to the Vietnam War due to the students first amendments rights.
Tinker vs Des Moines
Court held that enslaved African Americans were property, not citizens and thus had no rights under the Constitution. This decision was also overturned the Missouri Compromise.
Dred Scott vs Stanford
The court ruled that since the manual recount had no uniform way to judge each disputed vote equally, it did violate the Constitution and had to be stopped.
Bush vs Gore
Court ruled that Congress has the right ti regulate interstate commerce (within a single state) the relate to trade among states.
Gibbons vs Ogden
Court held that Necessary and Proper Clause of the Constitution allows Congress to do more than the Constitution expressly authorizes it to do.
McCullough vs Maryland
The Supreme Court ruled that females have a constitutional right under various provisions of the Constitution, like the due process clause to decide whether or not to terminate pregnancy.
Roe vs Wade
The court ruled that racial segregation in public schools violates the Equal Protection Clause of the constitution because it is inherently unequal.
Brown vs Board
The supreme court held that a person cannot be held in police custody unless told their specific rights
Miranda vs Arizona
Courts ruled that for the first time that poor defendants in criminal cases have the right to a state paid attorney under the 6th amendment
Gideon vs Wainwright
Supreme court ruled that the federal government had the authority to relocate Japanese Americans to designated areas a necessary response to the attack on Pearl Harbor
Korematsu vs United States
Supreme court upheld earlier decisions establishing the doctrine of prior restraint. The doctrine protects the press from government attempts to block publication
NY times vs United States
Supreme court held that only those presidential conversations and communications that relate to performing the duties of the office of the president are confidential
US vs Nixon
The court decision halted the death penalty in 39 states that had death penalty laws at that time. The court explained that existing death penalty laws did not give juries enough guidance on death penalty cases
Furman vs Georgia
Ruled that public school starting the day with prayer was unconstitutional
Engel vs Vitale
This court case ruled against censorshipT of information
Near vs Minnesota
The principle removed article about pregnancy and divorce from a school newspaper. A state court upheld claim for teacher who claimed first amendment rights, Supreme court overturned decision to favor the principle
Hazelwood school district vs Kuhlmeier
The supreme court established more lenient standards for reasonableness in school searches
New Jersey vs TLO
This case explained the scope of political speech unless it is linked ti immediate lawless behavior
Brandenburg vs Ohio
Name the two cases that held flag burning was expressive speech protected by the first amendment
Texas vs Johnson and US vs Eichman
This case ruled in favor of new busing regulations to achieve integration due to freedom of choice for schools
Swann vs CMS
Ruled that speedy and fair trials and required in state and federal courts, case was based on the story of a professor who had participated in a sit-in during the civil rights movement
Klopfer vs North Carolina
Supreme court decided against the rigid use of racial quotas, but also established that race was permissible criteria among several others
Regents of the University of CA vs Bakke
Reinforced peaceable assembly and association protected by the first amendment
De Jonge vs Oregon
This decision upheld the separate but equal doctrine used by southern states to perpetuate segregation following the civil war
Plessy vs Ferguson
Held that a state law that discriminated against women was unconstitutional
Reed vs Reed
Supreme court determined that evidence obtained through a search that violates the fourth amendment is inadmissible
Mapp vs Ohio
The supreme court held that it is the court its self that has the final say on what the constitution means, which is known as judicial review
Marbury vs Madison
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