14 terms

Reconstruction Vocab


Terms in this set (...)

farmers who agreed to work on a landowner's property in exchange for land, farming equipment, and seed; sharecroppers were required to provide the land owner with a share of the crop.
tenant farming
farmers who agreed to work on a landowner's property were required to provide the landowner with a share of the crop; unlike sharecroppers, tenant farmers usually owned their own farming equipment.
13th amendment
ended slavery in the United States.
14th amendment
gave African-Americans or Blacks United States citizenship.
15th amendment
gave African-American or Black men the right to vote
black codes
laws created by Southern legislatures during Reconstruction that took away the civil rights of freedmen.
Congressional Reconstruction
Reconstruction period where Congress took responsibility for bringing the South back into the Union.
Military Reconstruction
Reconstruction period where the military took responsibly for bringing the South back into the Union; the South was divided into military districts.
to pass
to revoke or withdraw formally or officially; usually refers to a law
Constitutional Convention
meeting that took place in Philadelphia from May to September 1787; original intent was to revise the Articles of Confederation, though the entire document was soon scrapped and a new constitution was written.
Freedmen's Bureau
federal agency created in 1865 to provide aid to former slaves (freedmen).
Ku Klux Klan
terrorist organization created to intimidate and prevent freedmen and Republicans from gaining political power in the South.
Black Legislators
during the Reconstruction Period (1867-1876) sixty-nine African-Americans or Blacks served as delegates to Georgia's constitutional convention or served as members of the state legislature. These legislators were removed from their seats after 1876.