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Chapter 1 - What is Social Psychology?
Terms in this set (22)
the scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in a social context
Social Psychology vs. Sociology
-Difference: Sociology tends to focus on the group while social psychology tends to focus on the individual
-Similar: often share the same training and publish in the same journals; both can help in understanding societal and immediate factors that influence behavior
What are some biases that affect our social decision-making?
•false consensus effect
Who were the first three founders of social psychology due to their publication of the first three social psych books?
William McDougall (1908), Edward Ross (1908), and Floyd Allport (1924)
Who had the most dramatic impact on social psychology?
Hitler - resulted in search for answers to social psychological questions
What was fromed by Gordon Allport and others?
the Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues in 1936
Who in 1936 had groundbreaking experimental research on social influence?
Kurt Lewin created ______ _______, which means what?
interactionist perspective, behavior is a function of the interaction between person and environment
Important contributors to social psychology:
-Gordon Allport (published The Nature of Prejudice, 1953)
-Solomon Asch (research on conformity)
-Leon Festinger (research on social comparison)
-Milgram (famous obedience experiments)
Why was the 1960s through 1970s considered a time of crisis and heated debate? However, the crisis led to what?
there were strong reactions the the lab experiment as the dominant research method;
•more rigorous ethical standards, more stringent procedures to guard against bias, and more attention to possible cross-cultural differences
the study of how we perceive, remember, and interpret information about ourselves and others
the role of cognition in explaining social psychological issues
emotion and motivation as determinants of thoughts and actions
subfield of psychology that examines the effects of genes on behaviors
uses principles of evolution to understand human social behavior
a system of enduring meanings, beliefs, values, assumptions, institutions, and practices shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to another
research designed to compare and contrast people of different cultures
research designed to examine racial and ethnic groups within cultures
focuses on how psychology - particularly social and cognitive psychology- relates to economic decision making
the study of the relationship between neural and social processes; biological systems and behaviors
examines the close links between our minds and the positioning, experiences, and actions of our bodies
Noninvasive procedures, such as PET, ERP, TMS, and fMRI scans, allow researchers to what?
study the interplay of the brain and discrete thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 2 - Doing Social Psychology Rese…
Chapter 3 - The Social Self (Terms)
Chapter 4 - Perceiving Persons (Terms)
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