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Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology

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anatomy
study of body structure
apnea
no breathing
articulation
where two or more bones meet, also called a joint.
canthi
the junction of the lower and upper eyelids at either corner of the eye.
conjunctiva
mucous membrane that lines the eyelid
cornea
transparent covering of the eye
dead space
air in the respitory passageways
dypsnea
difficult breathing
dystocia
difficult birth
endocrine glands
secrete hormones directly into the blood stream
estrous cycle
The time from the start of one heat period to the start of the next one
estrus
The time when a female animal is fertile and receptive to the male. Also known as a heat period.
eupnea
normal respirations
exocrite glands
secrete hormones directly into the blood stream
extracellular
outside of a cell
hormone
a chemical that serves as a messenger. Each hormone is secreted by a gland and travels to one or more target organs, where it brings about responses.
hypertonic
having a higher osmosis pressure than another solution.
hypotonic
having a lower osmosis pressure than other solutions
intercellular
in between cells
intracellular
within a cell
isotonic
having equal osmotic pressures
lacrimal apparatus
lacrimal duct conducts tearsfrom the medial corners to the nasal cavity.
lamine
thin flat layer or membrane
meninges
protective covering of the brain and spinal chord
monestrous
having one eustrus cycle per year
myocardium
heart muscle
nonspontaneous ovulator
ovulation occurs only when bred
osteology
study of bones
parturition
act of givin birth
physiology
study of body functions
polyestrus
having more than one menstraul cycle a year
residual volume
air remaining in the lungs after a forced expiration
ruminant
animal with a four chambered stomach, animal that commonly chews it's cud.
spontaneous ovulator
ovulations occurs naturally within the cycle
tidal volume
volume of air exchanged during eupnea