20 terms

First Global Age 1400-1800

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globalization
A set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and heightening interdependence without regard to country borders.
Renaissance
the revival of learning and culture
westernization
Adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture
absolutism
A form of government, usually hereditary monarchy, in which the ruler has no legal limits on his or her power.
divine right
right to rule given by god
gunpowder revolution
the military advances that resulted from the development of gunpowder weaponry
bureaucracy
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
Commerican Revolution
rapid expansion of trade and commerce that transformed Europe starting in the 1500s
capitalism
an economic system based on private ownership of capital
secular
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
conquistadors
Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru. (Examples Cortez, Pizarro, Francisco.)
mestizos
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory
inflation
a general and progressive increase in prices
Columbian Exchange
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Great Dying
the devestation caused by diseases brought by Europeans and killing Native Americans
humanism
philosophy emphasizing the worth of the individual and balancing religious with secular ideas
Reformation
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Counter-Reformation
A reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that began in the mid-sixteenth century, in reaction to the Protestant Reformation.
Scientific Revolution
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on careful observations, a willingness for people to question accepted beliefs
Enlightenment
18th-century movement that sought to apply scientific methods to the study of society
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