First Global Age 1400-1800
A set of processes that are increasing interactions, deepening relationships, and heightening interdependence without regard to country borders.
the revival of learning and culture
Adoption of western ideas, technology, and culture
A form of government, usually hereditary monarchy, in which the ruler has no legal limits on his or her power.
right to rule given by god
the military advances that resulted from the development of gunpowder weaponry
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
rapid expansion of trade and commerce that transformed Europe starting in the 1500s
an economic system based on private ownership of capital
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru. (Examples Cortez, Pizarro, Francisco.)
A person of mixed Native American and European ancestory
a general and progressive increase in prices
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
the devestation caused by diseases brought by Europeans and killing Native Americans
philosophy emphasizing the worth of the individual and balancing religious with secular ideas
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
A reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that began in the mid-sixteenth century, in reaction to the Protestant Reformation.
A new way of thinking about the natural world, based on careful observations, a willingness for people to question accepted beliefs
18th-century movement that sought to apply scientific methods to the study of society
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