English Vocab- Legal Terms
Terms in this set (25)
Lawyers who represent a client.
Criminal prosecution or criminal case
The act of pursuing a criminal trial, where the state charges someone with a crime.
Degree of proof
The amount of proof necessary to prove a case. In criminal cases, such proof must be beyond a reasonable doubt. In civil cases, the standard is proof by a preponderance of the evidence.
To think about and discuss evidence to reach a verdict.
Any type of legal proof presented (records, exhibits)
Document or material object.
Often called the "presiding juror." The ____________'s duty is to preside and see that discussion during deliberations is carried on in a free and orderly manner.
Without bias, prejudice or other preconception. Having no opinion about or vested interest in a case.
The guidelines given by the judge at the beginning and end of a trial.
The judge and lawyers ask the jurors questions for the purpose of determining whether jurors are free of bias, or prejudice, or anything that might interfere with their ability to be fair.
If a lawyer wishes to have a juror excused, he or she must use a "___________."
There is no limit to the number of __________ challenges that may be used (type of challenge)
A limited amount of challenges that can be giving without a reason (type of challenge)
A false statement made willfully and knowingly while under oath in a court proceeding.
Calling the names of jurors and having them state what their final verdict is before it is recorded.
Planned, though-out in advance, calculated
A _______________ jury is usually housed together at night in a hotel and prohibited from contacting people outside of the court.
A ____________ is an official order to attend court at a stated time.
Evidence givin by a witness under oath.
A decision is _____________ when the full jury in a criminal case had agreed upon the verdict. Once the verdict has been reached, the jury is brought back into the courtroom.
The formal decision or finding made by the jury.
One who can give a first hand account of something seen, heard or experienced.
It is not direct evidence from a witness who saw or herd something. Indirect evidence that implies something occurred but doesn't directly prove it. *
It is generally admissible in court. Many convictions for various crimes have rested largely on ________________________
A jury that cannot agree upon a verdict after an extended period of deliberation and is deadlocked with irreconcilable differences of opinion.