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The concentration of wealth in the U.S. has decreased substantially in the last two decades.

absolute poverty

The commonly used "poverty line" measure of poverty used by the federal government is used to measure which type of poverty?

the sinking of the Titanic

What historical tragedy is noted in the text to illustrate the impact of social class on life chances?

NOT: Slavery in the U.S. was considered an achieved status.

Which of the following statements about slavery is true?

assigned to a person without regard to the person's unique characteristics or talents.

An ascribed status is a social position:

NOT: below poverty

The federal tax policies of the last four decades, especially in the 1980s and in the eight years from 2001 to 2008, have favored:

NOT: middle class

Karl Marx used the term "proletariat" to refer to:

Upper Class

In sociologist Daniel Rossides's model of the class system of the U.S., which social class contains the smallest portion of the population?

NOT: wealth

Max Weber referred to people's opportunities to provide themselves with material goods, positive living conditions, and favorable experiences as:

NOT: prestige.

A panhandler makes $15 to $20 per day on the streets. This is his:

NOT: occupational mobility among African Americans is no longer sharply limited by racial discrimination.

Research concerning the degree of social mobility within the occupational structure of the U.S. indicates that:


Peasants required to work land leased to them by nobles in exchange for military protection and other services is referred to as a caste system.

lifetime limits of five years for welfare payments to eligible families

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 established:

false consciousness

Which of the following terms did Karl Marx use to refer to an attitude held by members of a class that does not accurately reflect the class's objective position?


The most extreme form of legalized social inequality for individuals or groups is a caste system.


According the Schaefer text, which level of college degree serves as less of a guarantee of upward mobility today than it did in the past?

conspicuous leisure

What term did Thorstein Veblen use to describe the behavior of those at the top of the social hierarchy when they engage in such activities as jetting off to a remote destination for dinner?

class differentiation.

Karl Marx argued that social, economic, and political inequalities are dependent on:


Conflict sociologists argue that stratification will inevitably lead to instability and to social change.

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