Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
ch 9 and 10
Terms in this set (67)
list the four business cycles
who were the two presidential candidates in the election of 1928?
Herbert Hoover and Alfred Smith
In order to buy stock this was another name when people would pay only a fraction of the stock price and borrow the rest
This was the date of the stock market crash, which was known as ¨Black Tuesday¨
October 29, 1929
this was a system established for buying and selling shares (stock) companies
name and list at least four causes of the stock market crash
uneven distribution of wealth
In what two ways did the stock market crash severely weaken the nations banks?
bank loaned money to stock speculators and invest on depositors money in the stock market
who won the presidential election on 1928 and what were the at least two campaign issues that led to that candidate to win ?
bc he was dry on prohibition and he was president in the 1920s
what was the term given to those investors or buyers who were hoping to make a fortune overnight and took a risk
term that was used when many depositors decided to withdraw their money at one time
term which means when a stockbroker demands for immediate repayment of a loan
name the highest tariff that congress passed in 1930 that was aimed to protect american manufacturers from foreign competitors
Hawley ´Smoot Tariff
How was the tariff contribute to the Great Depression
damaged american manufactures sales abroad
certain circumstances leads to a long period of rising stock prices, which is known as ?
list four results of the Great Depression
banks closed down
many lost their money
many lost their homes
many lost their jobs
homeless people who put up shacks on unused or public land forming communities known by these two names
in what years did the terrible drought begin in the great plains ?
what name was given to those men who wandered from place to place looking for a job
what were the nicknames given to empty pockets and how people tried to keep themselves warm with newspapers?
who was the famous photographer who took pictures of the homeless and migrants if California during the Great Depression?
what was the name of the infamous photograph that was taken of a women and children in a tent
what was the name given to the region that was hit hard dust storms
name and list the five states that were affected by these dust storms
what does the acronym NYSE stand for?
New York Stock Exchange
migrants from oklahoma were also known as
what two forms of media allowed people to escape and forget their miseries during the 1930s
movies and radio shows
title of the book by john steinbeck on the migrant family
Grapes of wrathe
churches and private charities set up his to give poor people a meal
daytime radio dramas were sponsored by makers of laundry soap and nicknamed?
these were WWI veterans who marched to Washington DC in 1932
what did the veterans want to accomplish
they wanted to get their bonus of money they were promised before going to war
what did creditors do to nearly one million farms between 1930 and 1934
give three examples of public works projects that are funded by the governmet
hoover dam, railroads, highways, library, hospitals, bridges
Where does the government get these funds to pay for public works project
define deficit spending
when government spend more then what they make in taxes
how did president hoover try to rescue the banks in the early 30's that it ended up being "too little too late"?
national credit corporation and reconstruction finance corporation
why did president hoover oppose the federal governments participation in relief programs?
Bc he felt the relief should come from state and local
which federal government agency was established by president Hoover to stimulate the economy?
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
what event occurred besides the lingering Depression, that shaped the public's negative perception of president Hoover?
he sent out troops to remove veterans and two got shot and killed
these were radio talks via radio that FDR held with the american people
name given to FDRs policies when he became president
what was the period called between March 9 and June 16, 1933 when congress passed 15 major acts to meet the economic crisis?
what was the name of the federal relief agency that was created to put the unemployment in the construction industry back to work?
Public Works Administration
which amendment to the U.S constitution changed the date of presidential inauguration from March to January?
name the farm law that FDR established to cut down the supply of meat and corps in the country
Agricultural Adjustment Act
what does CCC and NRA acronyms stand for ?
Civilian Conservation Corporation
National Recovery Administration
who were the presidential candidates for the Election of 1932?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
when government spends more then what they make in taxes
American Liberty League
purpose to organize opposition to the New Deal and ¨teach the necessity of respect for the rights of person and property¨
Senator Huey Long
claimed the new deal didn´t do enough for the poor
improved schools, colleges, and hospitals and built roads and bridges
Father Charles Coughlin
a Catholic Priest in Detroit
a popular radio shows
he called for heavy taxes on the wealthy and nationalization of the banking system
Dr. Frances Townsend
Health officer in CA. He believed FDR wasn't doing enough to help the poor and elderly. He developed a pension plan that would give monthly benefits to old people. The plan got strong support and undermined FDR.
proposed that the federal government pay citizens over age 60 a pension of $200 a month
Second New Deal - 1935
another series of programs and reforms that he hoped would security to every American
Works Progress Administration
Set out to create as many jobs as possible, as quickly as possible. Between 1935 and 1943 it spent $11 BIllion to give jobs to over 8 million people, most of them unskilled.
Schechter vs Unites States
brothers who had been convicted in 1933 of violating the NIRAs live poltry code
guaranteed workers the right to organize unions without interference from employers and to bargain collectively
National Labor Relations Board
serve 5-year terms
they organized factory elections by secret ballot to determine whether workers wanted a union
a neutral party would listen to both sides and decide the issues
Committee for Industrial Organization
The new union group that organized large numbers of unskilled workers with the help of the Wagner Act and the National Labor Relations Board
in Flint, Michigan, strikers occupied several General Motors plants for more than forty days and repelled the efforts of the police and National Guard to retake them
Social Security Act
the goal was to provide some security for the elderly and for unemployed workers
American sociologist and workers-rights advocate who served as the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, the longest serving in that position, and the first woman appointed to the U.S. Cabinet
a net placed to catch an acrobat or similar performer in case of a fall.
was to increase the Court's efficiency President Roosevelt wanted to use it to appoint justices who would not block his administration's new deal programs.
John Maynard Keynes
published a book that discussed the causes of recessions
argued that the government should spend heavily during a recession, even if it had to run a deficit, in order to jump-start the economy
developed by the British economist John Maynard Keynes during the 1930s in an attempt to understand the Great Depression.
Sets with similar terms
Chapters 11 & 12 US history test!!
History Boom to Bust
Great Depression test- US History
1920s and 1930s
Other sets by this creator
ch 12 section 5