c. 250-336 AD
Arius lives and teaches Arianism
First Council of Nicaea (outlaws Arianism)
Reign of Constantine the Great
Roman Empire divided
Vandals sack Rome under Genseric
Life of Muhammad
Umayyad dynasty of calips established in Damascus
Iconoclastic Controversy begins (Eastern Church)
Charles Martel halts the expansion of Islam into Europe
c. 750 AD
Height of Muslim Empire
Pepin confirms his Donation
Muslim Umayyad dynasty rules Spain
Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor
Alfred the Great
Treaty of St. Clair-sur-Epte (Charles III & Rollo)
Henry the Fowler rules the German provinces
Otto I defeats the Magyars at the Battle of Lechfeld
Otto I reigns as Holy Roman Emperor
Vladimir I makes Eastern Orthodox Christianity Russian
High Middle Ages
Leif Ericson winters in "Vinland"
Canute (Dane) conquers England
Hildebrand of Soana (Pope Gregory VII)
Battle of Hastings (William the Conqueror)
Investiture Controversy at Canossa
Urban II declares Crusades
Thomas a Becket is murdered in Canterbury Cathedral
Richard I, "The Lionheart," rules England
Crusaders capture and sack Constantinople
Genghis Khan declared supreme monarch of the Mongols
Francis of Assisi renounces his wealth
c. 1225-1274 AD
Pope Gregory IX appoints first "inquisitors."
Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire
Byzantines drive out the Crusaders
c. 1320-1384 AD
Hundred Years' War
Black Death kills a quarter of Europe's population
The Chinese recapture China from the Mongols (Ming dynasty)
The Great Schism
English Bible completed (Wycliffe, et al)
John Hus is burned at the stake
Battle of Agincourt
Constantinople falls to the Ottoman Turks
Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press
Wars of the Roses
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