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body of the vertebrae
cervical 7, thoracic 12, lumbar 5, 5 fused to sacrum & 4 fused to coccyx=total of 33
a lateral process that extends from the junction of the pedicle & lamina of the vertebrae
site for muscle attachment
on the thoracic vertebrae there is an articular surface for ribs
is a plate of bone that is an extension of the pedicle. located btw the transverse process & the spinous process of the vertebrae
a bony projection that extends posteriorly from each side of the vertebral body. connects the body w/the transverse process
most inferior portion of the vertebral column. formed by fusion of 4 coccygeal vertebrae. articulates superiorly w/sacrum
a triangular bone that is formed by 5 fused vertebrae.sacrum & 2 oscoxae form pelvis. articulates with these bones at the sacroiliac joint. forms the posterior part of the pelvis
cervical vertebrae have these. these are openings in each transverse process. allow for passage of the vertebral arteries
spinous process of vertebrae
a posterior process of the vertebrae that protrudes midline and projects inferiorly. important site of muscle attachment.
spinal (vertebral) foramen
is the opening formed by the body & the vertebral arch of the cervical, thoracic & lumbar vertebrae. contains spinal cord, meninges, epidural fat & blood vessels
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