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18 terms

Anatomy and Physiology - chapter 1: body cavities and serous membranes

Seeley's Anatomy & Physiology (ninth edition) Cinnamon VanPutte, Jennifer Regan, Andrew Russo McGraw-Hill Companies ISBN-13: 9780077350031
thoracic cavity
surrounded by rib cage; separated from abdominal cavity by diaphragm
divides the thoracic cavity into left and right parts
abdominal cavity
enclosed primarily by abdominal muscles; contains the stomach, intestines, liver, spleen, pancreas and kidneys
pelvic cavity
encased by pelvic bones; contains the urinary bladder, part of the large intestine and the internal reproductive organs
abdominopelvic cavity
inclusive name for the abdominal and pelvic cavities
visceral serous membrane
membrane covering the organ
parietal serous membrane
membrane attached to the cavity wall
paricardial cavity
serous membrane-lined cavity surrounding the heart
visceral pericardium
serous membrane covering the heart
parietal pericardium
serous membrane lining the connective tissue sac containing the heart
pleural cavity
serous membrane-lined cavity surrounding each lung
parietal pleura
serous membrane lining the inner surface of the thoracic wall, the lateral surfaces of the mediastinum and the superior surface of the diphragm
visceral pleura
serous membrane that lines each lung
peritoneal cavity
serous membrane-lined cavity contained in the abdominopelvic cavity
visceral peritoneum
serous membrane covering many of the abdominal organs
parietal peritoneum
serous membrane that lines the wall of the abdominopelvic cavity and the inferior surface of the diaphragm
consists of two layers of peritoneum fused together; connects the visceral peritoneum of some abdominopelvic organs to the parietal peritoneum
retroparietal organs
organs closely attached to the abdominopelvic wall by the parietal peritoneum; includes the kidneys, adrenal glands, pancreas, parts of the intestines and the urinary bladder