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26 terms

Ch. 3-Mesopotamia 6th Grade

Unit 2 Mesopotamia : *Adding Pictures soon******!!!!!!!!!!!!
STUDY
PLAY
Fertile Crescent
an area of rich farmland in Southwest Asia where the first civilizations began
Silt
a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
Irrigation
a way of supplying water to an area of land
Canals
human-made waterways
Surplus
more of something that is needed
Division of labor
the type of arrangement in which each worker specializes in a particular task or job
Rural
countryside
Urban
city
city-state
consisted of a city and all the countryside around it
Empire
land with different territories and peoples under a single rule
Gilgamesh
King of Uruk, a city-state in Sumer, he became a legendary figure in Sumerian literature
Sargon
King of Akkad, a land north of Sumer, he built the world's first empire after defeating Sumer and northern Mesopotamia
Polytheism
the worship of many gods
Priests
people who performed religious ceremonies
Social Hierarchy
the division of society by rank or class
Cuneiform
the world's first system of writing
Pictographs
picture symbols
Scribe
writer
Epics
long poems that tell the stories of heroes
Architecture
the science of building
Ziggurat
pyramid-shaped temple tower
Monarch
a ruler of a kingdom or empire
Hammurabi's Code
a set of 282 laws that dealt with almost every part of daily life
Chariot
a wheeled, horse-drawn cart used in battle
Nebuchadnezzar
the most famous Chaldean king, who rebuilt Babylon into a beautiful city
Alphabet
a set of letters that can be combined to form words