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93 terms

Mod C Week 3 Test Review

STUDY
PLAY
Vital Signs
pulse, respiration, blood pressure
pulse
rhythmic expansion of an artery as the heart beats, felt with fingers, never thumb
normal pulse rate
60-80 bpm
radial pulse
inner surface of wrist near thumb, most common
carotid pulse
neck
normal respiration
16-18 breaths per minute, take respiration count during pulse
blood pressure
refers to systolic & diastolic arterial pressure
systolic pressure
highest pressure exerted on the circulatory system, first sound heard when taking the blood pressure
diastolic pressure
lowest pressure of the circulatory system, last sound heard when taking the blood pressure
external respiration
exchange of gases in the lungs. oxygen enters, carbon dioxide exits
internal respiration
exchange of gases in the cells
pharynx
throat, part of the digestive & respiratory system
epiglottis
acts as a lid to prevent food from entering the lungs
larynx
voice box
hyperglycemia
abnormal level of sugar in the blood. give insulin.
hypoglycemia
(insulin shock) too much insulin, give sugar
parts of the heart
2 atrias, 2 ventricles
right atrium
receives o2 poor blood
right ventricle
receives blood from right atrium pumps it to lungs
heart
hollow muscular organ that maintains the circulation of blood
arteries
large vessels that carry blood away from the heart (oxygenated)
veins
vessels that return oxygen poor blood to the heart, valves in them prevent blood from flowing backwards
capillaries
small vessels that connect that arteries to the veins
plasma
straw like fluid that transports nutrients, hormones, and waste products
erythrocytes
red blood cells that help transport oxygen
leukocytes
white blood cells primary function is fighting diseases
thrombocytes
platelets, aid in blood clotting
external carotid
major blood supply to the face
maxillary artery
supplies deep structures to the face
facial artery
comes across the cheek, towards, the angle of the mouth to the nose
lingual artery
along the surface of the tounge
epiglottis
acts as aid to prevent food from entering the lungs
larynx
voice box
nose
air is inhaled, filtered, warmed
sinuses
contains air
pharynx
throat, part of digestive system
lungs
sac like organs
alveoli
exchange of gases to the blood
pharmacology
the study of drugs to include medical usefulness, and reactions
schedule I
high abuse potential with no medical usefulness (ex: heroin and LSD)
schedule II
high abuse potential that has accepted medical usefulness (ex:morphine, demerol, percodan, amphetamines)
schedule III
less abuse potential and have accepted medical usefulness (ex: barbituates)
schedule IV
low abuse potential (ex: depressants)
schedule V
low abuse potential (over the counter drugs)
prescribing drugs
calling in a prescription
due care
legal obligation of the dentist
council on dental therapeutics
gathers information to assist dental professionals. responsible for all drugs that are used in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of dental diseases.
controlled substance act
schedule of drugs
heading
includes dentists name, address, and telephone number, address, date age of patient
body
Rx symbol, name and strength of drug, include amount of medication to dispense
closing
dentist signature, refill if any, whether generic meds can be used
cardiovascular
medications dealing with the heart
(ex: nitroglycerin - angina
asprin - thinning of blood
digitalis - strengthening heart
anticonvulsants
dealing with seizures such as epilepsy
anesthesia
renders patient free of pain
analgesics
dulls perception of pain
mild: asprin and tylenol
strong: codeine, percodan, demerol
antibiotics
inhibits growth and destroys bacteria
-penicillin, erythromycin
sedatives
reduce excitability, creates calm
hypnotics
produces sleep
parental
injection
subcutaneous
under the skin
intramuscular
under the muscle
intravenous
into the vein
sublingual
under the toung, rapid
oral
pills, tablets, liquid
rectal
suppositories, enemas, rapid
topical
application to surface
inhalation
breathing in gaseous substances
storage of drugs
in a locked area
intolerance
reaction greater than the expected effect
notation on chart
name, amount, reason, date
antidote
a material that counteracts a poison
allergy
an unusual sensitivity to a drug resulting in a tissue response
myotic
a drug that causes contraction of the pupil
narcotic
drug that produces stupor or complete insensibility
synergism
action of drugs together in such a way that the combined effect in greater that the effect of either drug alone
toxicology
science of poisons their actions upon living organisms, their detection and treatment of damage to the organism produced by them
vasoconstrictor
agent that constricts of closes the blood vessels by causing the contraction of the smooth muscle in the vessel wall
shock
inadequate passage of oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body. causes fright, extreme fatigue, and stress
angina pectoris
pain in the chest as a result of narrowing of the arteries caused by decreased blood to the heart
dentist
is responsible for the patients safety
who is CPR certified
each staff menber
assistant
is responsible for updating and supplying emergency kit
myocardial infarction
heart attack, one or more coronary arteries are blocked
cardiac arrest
heart stops pumping blood
ventricular fibrillation
rapid heart beat
ventricular standstill
no heart beat
syncope
fainting, loss of consciousness, caused by blood supply to the brain. elevate feet above head, use spirits of ammonia
hyperventilation
light headedness, tingling of hands and feet, breathe into paper bag
grand mal
severe seizure
petit mal
mild and brief seizure
asthma attack
coughing and wheezing
left atrium
receives o2 blood from lungs
left ventricle
receives blood from left atrium and pumps to all parts except lungs