# Chapter 27: Assessment of the Respiratory System STUDY GUIDE

4.0 (1 review)
A patient comes into the health care provider's office for an annual physical. The patient reports having a persistent, nagging cough. Which question does the nurse ask first about this symptom?
A."When did the cough start?"
B."Do you have a family history of lung cancer?"
C."Have you been running a fever?"
D."Do you have sneezing and congestion?"
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 24
Terms in this set (24)
A patient comes into the health care provider's office for an annual physical. The patient reports having a persistent, nagging cough. Which question does the nurse ask first about this symptom?
A."When did the cough start?"
B."Do you have a family history of lung cancer?"
C."Have you been running a fever?"
D."Do you have sneezing and congestion?"
The nurse is assessing a middle-aged patient who reports a decreased tolerance for exercise and that she must work harder to breathe. Which questions assist the nurse in determining what these changes are related to?
(Select all that apply)
A."Do you have anemia?"
B."When did you first notice these symptoms?"
C."Do you or have you ever smoked cigarettes?"
D."How often do you exercise?"
E."Are you coughing up any colored sputum?"
A patient who received a bronchoscopy was NPO for several hours before the test. Now a few hours after the test, the patient is hungry and would like a meal. What does the nurse do before allowing the patient to eat?
A.Order a meal because the patient is now alert and oriented
B.Check pulse oximetry to be sure oxygen saturation has returned to normal
C.Check for a gag reflex before allowing the patient to eat
D.Assess for nausea from the medications given for rest
After a bronchoscopy procedure, the patient coughs up sputum which contains blood. What is the best nursing action at this time?
A.Assess vital signs and respiratory status and notify the provider of the findings
B.Monitor the patient for 24 hours off to see if blood continues in the sputum
C.Send the sputum to the lab for cytology for possible lung cancer
D.Reassure the patient this is a normal response after a bronchoscopy
A patient's pulse oximetry reading is 89%. What is the nurse's first priority action?
A.Recheck the reading with a different oximeter
B. Apply supplemental oxygen and recheck the oximeter reading in 15 minutes
C.Assess the patient for respiratory distress and recheck the oximeter reading
D.Place the patient in the recovery position and monitor frequently
A patient demonstrates labored, shallow respirations and a respiratory rate of 32/min with a pulse oximetry reading of 85%. What is the priority nursing intervention?
A.Notify respiratory therapy to give the patient a breathing treatment
B.Start oxygen via nasal cannula at 2 L/min
C.Obtain an order for a stat arterial blood gas (ABG)
D.Encourage coughing and deep breathing exercises