How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

46 terms

Anatomy and Physiology - chapter 4: connective tissue classification

Seeley's Anatomy & Physiology (ninth edition) Cinnamon VanPutte, Jennifer Regan, Andrew Russo McGraw-Hill Companies ISBN-13: 97800773500
STUDY
PLAY
mesenchyme
embryonic connective tissue; composed of irregularly shaped fibroblasts surrounded by abundant, semifluid extracellular matrix
mucous connective tissue (Wharton's jelly)
embryonic connective tissue in the umbilical chord
connective tissue proper
supporting connective tissue
fluid connective tissue
types of adult connective tissue
loose connective tissue
consists for relatively few fibers that form a lacy network with numerous spaces filled with ground substance and fluid
areolar tissue
adipose tissue
reticular tissue
subdivisions of loose connective tissue
areolar tissue
"loose packing" material of the organs and other tissues; attaches the skin to underlying tissues; contains collagen, reticular and elastic fibers and a variety of cells
adipose tissue
consists of adipocytes; contains large amoutns of lipid; large cells and a small amount of extracellular matrix; usually arranged clusters (lobules)
yellow adipose tissue
brown adipose tissue
types of adipose tissue
yellow adipose tissue
most abundant type of adipose tissue; functions include storage, insulation and protection
brown adipose tissue
adipose tissue found primarily in infants and in specific areas such as the axillae, neck and near the kidneys; specialized to generate heat
reticular tissue
forms the framework of the lymphatic system; characterized by a network of reticular fibers and cells
dense connective tissue
contains a relatively large number of protein fibers that form thick bundles and fill nearly all of the extracellular space
dense regular connective tissue
dense irregular connective tissue
dense connective tissue subdivisions
dense regular connective tissue
dense connective tissue that contains protein fibers in the extracellular matrix that are oriented predominantly in one direction
dense regular collagenous connective tissue
dense regular elastic connective tissue
types of dense regular connective tissue
dense regular collagenous connective tissue
dense regular connective tissue that contains abundant collagen fibers, giving it a white appearance; forms structures such as tendons and ligaments; fibers give the tissue considerable strength and resistance to stretching
dense regular elastic connective tissue
dense regular connective tissue that consists of parallel bundles of collagen fibers and abundant elastic fibers, giving it a slightly yellow color; forms some elastic ligaments (vocal chords and nuchal ligament)
dense irregular connective tissue
dense connective tissue that contains protein fibers arranged as a meshwork of randomly oriented fibers; forms sheets of connective tissue that have strength in many directions, but less strength in any single direction
dense irregular collagenous connective tissue
dense irregular elastic connective tissue
types of dense irregular connective tissue
dense irregular collagenous connective tissue
dense irregular connective tissue containing abundant collagen and making up most of the dermis as well as the connective tissue capsules that surround that retroparietal organs
dense irregular elastic connective tissue
dense irregular connective tissue containing abundant elastin and some collagen fibers and is found in the walls of some arteries
loose connective tissue
dense connective tissue
connective tissue proper
cartilage
bone
supporting connective tissue
cartilage
composed of cartilage cells within an extensive and relatively rigid matrix
perichondrium
dense irregular connective tissue layer surrounding the surface of nearly all cartilage
chondrocyte
cartilage cell
lacunae
spaces in which the chondrocytes are located
hyaline cartilage
fibrocartilage
elastic cartilage
types of cartilage
hyaline cartilage
cartilage containing large amounts of both collage fibers and proteoglycans; appears to have a glassy, transluscent matrix; found where strong support and some flexibility are needed, such as the ribcage and within the trachea
fibrocartilage
cartilage containing more collagen fibers than proteoglycans; slightly compressible and very tough; found in areas where a great deal of pressure is applied to joints, such as the knee and tempromandibular joints and between the vertebrae
elastic cartilage
cartilage containing numerous elastic fibers in addition to collagen and proteoglycans; found in areas that have rigid but elastic properties such as the external ears
bone
hard connective tissue that consists of living cells and mineralized matrix; has organic and inorganic properties
hydroxyapatite
specialized crystals that make up the mineral (inorganic) portion of bone
osteocytes
bone cells
spongy bone
compact bone
types of bone
spongy bone
bone that has spaces between plates
trabeculae
plates of bone that contain spongy bone
compact bone
bone that is solid with almost no space between many thing layers
lamellae
thin layers of bone
blood
hemopoietic tissue
fluid connective tissue
blood
connective tissue with a fluid matrix; cells move freely and rapidly through the body, carrying food, oxygen, waste products and other materials
hemopoietic tissue
fluid connective tissue that forms blood cells; in adults, it is found in bone marrow
bone marrow
soft connective tissue in the cavities of the bone
red marrow
yellow marrow
types of bone marrow
red marrow
hemopoietic tissue surrounded by a framework of reticular fibers; dominant type in children
yellow marrow
bone marrow that consists of yellow adipose tissue; does not produce blood cells