Sociology Ch. 2/3: Culture
Terms in this set (36)
Shared products of human groups. These products include both physical objects and the beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by the group.
The physical objects that people create and use
abstract human creations such as language, ideas, beliefs, rules, skills, family patterns, work practices, and political and economic systems.
A group of interdependent people who have organized in such a way as to share a common culture and feeling of unity
What is the difference between culture and society?
Society is a group of people. Culture is the society's way of life.
knowledge and tools people use for practical purposes
organization of written and spoken symbols into a standardized system.
shared beliefs about what is good or bad right or wrong, desirable or undesirable.
shared rules of conduct that tell people how to act in specific situations
norms that do not have great moral significance attached to them -- the common customs of everyday life.
norms that have great moral significance attached to them
Norm that society holds so strongly that violation results in extreme disgust
written rules of conduct that are enacted and enforced by the government. By definition, the violation of these normals is considered a criminal act.
common traits that are found in all human cultures, such as family, beliefs, government, education
believe that cultures should be judged by their own standards.
Group that rejects the values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replaces them with a new set of cultural patterns. EX: cults, anarchists, Mafia
tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
group with its own unique values, norms, and behaviors that exists within a larger culture. EX: groups organized by age, gender, politics, or geography.
5 components of culture
norms, symbols, values, language, artifacts (technology)
the feeling of disorientation experienced by someone who is suddenly subjected to an unfamiliar culture, way of life, or set of attitudes
Beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something).
Examples of Traditional American values
Personal achievement, individualism, work, morality and humanitarianism, efficiency and practicality, progress and material comfort, equality and democracy and freedom are examples of
Extreme self-centeredness or fascination with oneself
new American values
self-fulfillment, leisure, physical fitness, environmentalism, youthfulness are examples of
Commitment to the full development of one's personality, talents, and potential
sources of social change (6)
values & beliefs, technology, population, diffusion, physical environment, wars & conquest are examples of this
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
Reasons people resist cultural change
Ethnocentrism, cultural lag, and vested interests
A delay in cultural change in which some aspects of the culture change less rapidly, or lag behind, other aspects of the same culture. Material culture changes faster than non-material culture.
When a person resists any change that threatens their security or standard of living our of fear of losing it
rewards and punishments used to encourage people to follow norms
Rewards and punishments administered by persons in authority, the state, or the law
a spontaneous expression of approval or disapproval given by an individual or a group
a reward or positive reaction for following norms, ranging from a smile to a material reward
a punishment or the threat of punishment used to enforce conformity
process by which a norm becomes a part of an individual's personality, thereby conditioning the individual to conform to society's expectations
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