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US Studies Unit 5 flashcards
Terms in this set (60)
Time in world history when factory machines began to replace hand made tools and manufacturing replaced farming as the main form of work.
What change is shown in Saint Anthony Falls from 1850 to 1890?
Saint Anthony Falls went from a riverside plain in 1950 to a hub for factories and mills in 1890 because of the industrial revolution.
A person who leaves their home country to settle in a new country.
Why do you think people would leave the country they were born in to immigrate to the USA?
Immigrants would want to immigrate to the US because of violence in their home country, because of jobs opening up in the US, the appeal of the "American Dream"; good education, the notion that you can be anything you want, the democracy.
push and pull factors
Factors that "push" people from their homelands to live in a new place that has qualities to attract or "pull" them to their new homes.
What are two push factors that pushed immigrants out of their homelands?
What are two pull factors that attracted immigrants to the United States?
2 examples of push factors are disease, and an unstable government.
2 examples of pull factors are jobs, and social freedoms.
The movement of people living in cities; the growth of cities.
Why do you think immigrants to the United States usually moved to large cities first?
Immigrants move to large cities first because there's usually more opportunities like jobs, and since big cities are better known there is better living conditions.
Investigative journalists who worked to expose the corruption and inequalities to create reform (a change for the better).
What event actually brought an end to Child Labor in America?
Congress passed legislation to end Child Labor during the Great Depression, after many Unions pushed for it so there would be more jobs for the adults.
Workers who join together as a group to bargain together for better wages (pay), working conditions, safety and protection.
What are three important changes that Labor Unions created in America?
There important changes Labor Unions created were the prohibiting of child labor, workers getting the weekend off, and work hours being cut down.
Workers who cross strike lines and go to work when the Union is striking.
How do you think Unions treat "scabs" once the strike is over and a contract has been settled?
"Scabs" are resented by Union workers after the strike is over because they aren't helping the cause, and they might kick the "scab" out of the Union.
Change for the better. Usually refers to change in government or laws.
People who fought for change
How did reformers and labor unions force entrepreneurs to change how workers are treated?
Reformers forced entrepreneurs to change how they treat workers by muckrakers writing about terrible working conditions, corrupt people, and shady business practices. Labor Unions refusing to work (striking) until they got better working conditions.
The desire for a country to grow larger and expand its borders.
The US expanded in 1867 by purchasing a LARGE piece of land from Russia in North America. What is this territory called?
The territory is called Alaska.
When a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world.
A group of countries that are controlled by a more powerful country.
the work of maintaining good relations between the governments of different countries.
How do countries maintain good relations with each other?
Countries maintain good relations with each other by not invading/attacking them, and having fair trade deals with them. If the country is having a national emergency, to help its people out.
Avoiding involvement in other countries' affairs.
Why did the United States change from being isolationist to imperialist in the late 1800's?
The United States changed to Imperialism because they wanted to have more power in the world and then other countries would want to be allied with them, and more land to get more materials (resources) out of it.
What are three reasons (causes) that Europeans migrated to the USA?
More jobs, religious freedom and to escape the wars.
Who entered the Immigration station at Ellis Island, NYC?
What happened if an immigrant was found to be ill, insane, or had spent time in prison?
They were rejected and sent back to their home country.
How were families sometimes split apart at Ellis Island?
Some people were excluded, meaning they had to go back to their home country.
poorly built, overcrowded housing with terrible living conditions where many immigrants lived.
Three words to describe sweatshops
Long, tiring, under-compensating (immigrants were taken advantage of by sweatshop owners to work long hours without breaks and very little pay)
Why do you think the author chose to use the photograph of the immigrants sewing things in their home?
I think the author chose that photo because it shows that the immigrants have to keep working even at home to be able to support themselves.
What are three reasons Chinese men left China for the U.S.A.?
A chance to get rich on the gold rush going on in California.
To get jobs as laborers to support themselves.
Try to make a better life for themselves instead of being starving and impoverished in China.
Why did Asian immigrants have a more difficult time being accepted by Americans than white immigrants from Europe?
They looked different from most other Americans and had to learn English on their own, so they also spoke differently, and were attacked for that as well.
Why did so many Chinese immigrants open their own businesses?
Because most people wouldn't hire them or they would get paid very little, by opening their own businesses, they had control of their own money.
How did the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 cause increased immigration to the U.S.A. from China?
It destroyed all the legal records that said who was an American citizen, so the immigrants, could claim they were related to an American citizen.
Were immigrants at Angel Island in San Francisco, California more or less likely to be excluded than immigrants at Ellis Island in New York?
They were more likely to be excluded, as the text reads, About 10 percent of all the immigrants were excluded
and forced to leave the country." While in the 'Entering Ellis Island section, the text stated, "About two percent of the people were excluded."
What are characteristics of immigration faced by both Chinese and European immigrants?
They were exploited by companies and landowners, paid low wages if they could even get a job. They had to mostly live in places with other immigrants like them with bad living conditions because they couldn't afford anywhere else. They wanted to come to America to get a job/a better job and make a better life for themselves.
Whose corruption did the cartoons of Thomas Nast expose?
Thomas Nast's cartoons exposed the corruption of William Magear "Boss" Tweed and some of his peers.
What was the name of Jacob Riis' book?
The name of Jacob Riis' book is How the Other Half Lives.
What effect did Riis' book have on society?
Riis' book led to social reform for the people living in tenements and get New York City to make reforms on building health and safety.
What did Ida B. Wells write about?
Ida Wells wrote articles about injustice and the lynchings of innocent African Americans.
Who wrote The Octopus? What was it about?
The Octopus was written by Frank Norris about how California Railroad Monopolies took advantage of people.
Who did Ida Tarbell write about?
Ida Tarbell wrote articles on how the Rockefeller Standard Oil Company used terrible Business tactics to gain a monopoly.
What effect did Tarbell's work have on society?
Ida Tarbell's work eventually got the Standard Oil Company's monopoly broken up.
What was The Jungle by Upton Sinclair about?
The Jungle was about the terrible conditions in the meatpacking industry.
What do you think the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act do?
Food industries obey the law and are more cleanly and the food being produced is okay to eat.
What issues are reporters presently working to expose and reform?
Reporters are presently working to expose and reform Racism in the police force against African Americans. Also, the abuse of women by powerful men across the US.
What did most of the famous strikes have in common? Why?
Most of the strikes had the workers wanting better pay/hours and government officers came to break them up, because working conditions were terrible, but entrepreneurs didn't want to give them better conditions.
What was the governments role in most strikes? Which side did they favor? Why?
The government mostly favored the businesses & they came in to break up the strikes. This is because they care more about the big businesses that are making lots of money and producing things.
How did strikes change over time?
As time went on, strikes got more successful and less of them became violent or riots.
Which industries caused the most strikes? Why?
The steel industries saw the most strikes, I think this is because the work they did was really dangerous and grueling, and they weren't compensated enough for what they did.
Why do you think industries were so reluctant to give in to their workers demands?
Industries were reluctant to give in to the demands because that would mean spending more money and less production time, so the businesses made less money.
How did the US acquire Alaska?
William Seward made a deal with Russia to buy the Alaskan territory for $7.2 million. Americans didn't like the purchase at first, but changed their minds when they saw how rich with resources Alaska was.
How did Americans go from isolationism to expansionism?
The United States stayed out of other countries affairs until the late 1800s, when they saw how European nations were expanding through Africa and Asia. The United States was gripped by the expansionism ideology, and needed more people to buy the things they produced, and realized they needed to act soon.
How did the US acquire Hawaii?
Christian missionaries from America traveled to Hawaii in 1820, and the US saw the potential in the islands. Americans obtained more power in Hawaii and overthrew the queen. Congress voted to annex Hawaii and make it a territory, to use for planting many crops and a naval base.
How did America go to war with Spain?
Americans wanted to help Cuba but the presidents wanted to stay neutral. When an American battleship was sent to Cuba, it was blown up. The Americans blamed Spain and declared war on it.
How was the Panama Canal decided to be built?
The trip from San Francisco to Cuba took over 2 months. Theodore Roosevelt wanted to build a canal through Central America to connect the Atlantic and Pacific. A canal would also make it easier for the US to reach their empire in the Pacific.
How did the US build a canal in Panama?
President Roosevelt wanted to build a canal on the Isthmus of Panama. He offered the Colombian Government $10 million + $250,000 to "rent" the canal. The Columbian government refused. Roosevelt then went to Panama and told them that he would help them if they revolted against Columbia. Panama staged a successful revolt against Columbia and gained independence. The US then payed the Panamanian government what they previously offered Columbia, and they build a canal.
How did the US become a world power?
They bought Alaska from Russia and annexed Hawaii. The US also went to war with Spain and acquired the territories of Cuba, Wake, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines.
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