Cultural Anthropology Chapter 4

LSU's Cultural Anthropology 1003

Terms in this set (...)

Call System
a form of animal communication composed of a limited number of sounds that are tied to specific stimuli in the environment
Universal Grammar
a basic set of principles, conditions, and rules that form the foundation of all languages
something that stands for something else. Central to language and culture.
the notion that, is human language, words are only arbitrarily or conventionally connected to the things for which they stand
(linguistics) the idea that humans can combine words and sounds into new, meaningful utterances they have never before heard
the capacity of all human languages to describe things not happening in the present
the sound system of a language
a system for creating words from sounds
the system of a language that relates words to meaning
a system of rules for combining words into meaningful sentences
smallest identifiable unit of sound made by humans and used in any language
the smallest unit of sound that serves to distinguish between meanings of words within a language
Minimal Pair
two words that differ in only one sound but have different meanings
two or more different allophones that can be used to make the same phoneme in a specific language
the smallest unit of language that has meaning
Isolating Language
a language with relatively few morphemes per word and fairly simple rules for combining them
Agglutinating Language
a language that allows a great number of morphemes per word and has highly regular rules for combining morphemes
the total stock of words in a language
the study of the relationship between language and culture and the ways language is used in varying social contexts
moving seamlessly and appropriately between two different languages
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
the hypothesis that perceptions and understandings of time, space, and matter are conditioned by the structure of a language
(in communications studies) communication by clothing, jewelry, tattoos, piercings, and other visible body modifications
the analysis and study of touch
the study of different ways that cultures understand time and use it to communicate
the study of the cultural use of interpersonal space
the study of body position, movement, facial expressions, and gaze
Great Vowel Shift
a change in the pronunciation of English language that took place between 1400 and 1600
Comparative Linguistics
the science of documenting the relationships between languages and grouping them into language families
Core Vocabulary
a list of 100 or 200 terms that designate things, actions, and activities likely to be named in all the world's languages
a statistical technique that linguists have developed to estimate the date of separation of related languages