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Short story terms
Terms in this set (43)
Highest or most intense point of the story; often, reader has an idea of how story will end after this point
The falling action follows the climax and shows the results of the important decision or action that happened at the climax.
The stage of a plot in which tension/suspense builds; leads to the climax of the action
Introduces background information about events, settings, characters, etc. to the audience or readers
Falling action leads to the resolution, or the end of the story.
The sequence of events in a story is called the plot. A plot focuses on a central conflict or problem faced by the main character.
The time and place of the action of a piece of literature.
Point of view/ Perspective
The method of narration used in the piece of literature.
1st person perspective
Story is narrated by a character in the story.
3rd person perspective
Narrative voice is outside the action; not one of the characters
3rd person limited
Narrator tells what only one character thinks, feels, and observes
3rd person OMNISCIENT
All-knowing; the narrator sees into the minds of all the characters
An account of something that happened before the beginning of a story.
The way an author reveals a character
Author TELLS the reader what a character is like
Author reveals information about a character through character's actions, thoughts, and speech as well as how he/she interacts with others
Character who undergoes an important inner change
Character who undergoes little or no inner change; a character who does not grow or develop
A character who faces a conflict and is changed by it.
A character who has little emotional depth and isn't changed much, if any, throughout the work
Character who is involved in the central conflict of the story
Character or force that is in opposition to a protagonist.
A struggle between two opposing forces
Involves a character pitted against an outside force, such as nature, a physical obstacle, or another character
(man vs. man; man vs. nature; man vs. society; man vs. technology)
A conflict that occurs within a character
(man vs. self)
A state or feeling of anxiety or anxious uncertainty about what may happen next
An underlying message about life or human nature that a writer wants the reader to understand.
Climax, metaphor, repetition, simile, tone, etc.
The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
Saying one thing and meaning something else
Contrast between what the reader / character expects and what actually exists or happens.
The reader / viewer / audience knows something that a character does not know.
A writer's use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in a story.
The feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader.
An object that stands for something beyond itself.
Indirect reference to a famous place, person, event or other work
Based on or making use of figures of speech/figurative language; metaphorical; not literal
A comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as"
A direct comparison of two unlike things; does not use "like" or "as"
Repetition of a particular sound in the first syllables of a series of words or phrases
A word that makes a sound: buzz, hiss, plop, whoosh
Giving human traits to a non-human object
An exaggeration so dramatic that no one would believe the statement is true
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Second semester vocab