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U.S. History & the Constitution Answers
Terms in this set (44)
The strife in "Bleeding Kansas" was associated with a conflict between _____ and _____.
free-soilers and slavery supporters
This amendment was created primarily for the purpose of
granting former slaves suffrage.
According to many Antebellum southerners, the issue of "states' rights" revolved around their right to
The case of Dred Scott v. Sandford (1856) is often called the Supreme Court's great 'self inflicted wound' because the decision
ruled slaves to be property and incapable of becoming citizens.
The American Civil War took place during the
This law, which allowed territories to decide the fate of slavery based on popular sovereignty, unintentionally had the effect of increasing tensions between pro-slavery and antislavery forces as they rushed west and had violent clashes over control of territory. It was the
In American history, the term "Reconstruction" refers to
federal government intervention in the former Confederate states in order to monitor the treatment of former slaves.
Which of these describes a significant advantage possessed by the Union at the beginning of the Civil War?
a larger free population
General William T. Sherman's "March to the Sea" was important to the Union war effort because
important railroad tracks were destroyed, severing supply lines for Confederate forces.
Jefferson Davis played what role in the Civil War?
President of the Confederate States
During the American Civil War, the 54th Massachusetts regiment is most noteworthy for
being the first all-black regiment in the U.S. Army.
The purpose of the Freedman's Bureau was to
provide work, education, and relief for former slaves.
Which group was created in late 1865 to resist Reconstruction efforts in the South?
the Ku Klux Klan
During Reconstruction, the Black Codes
were laws passed by mainly Southern states to keep African Americans in a system of virtual slavery.
In 1860, the southern states highlighted in red would have been LEAST likely to
vote for Abraham Lincoln for President of the United States.
All of these items are describing the
Compromise of 1850.
Presidential Reconstruction following the American Civil War can BEST be described as
a desire to rebuild the country quickly and without ill feelings following the war.
According to the passage, what was Abraham Lincoln's chief purpose of the address?
explain the higher purpose of the Civil War
Based on this image, how did the artist choose to portray the contribution of John Brown to United States History?
John Brown opposed slavery.
Following the end of the Reconstruction era, African Americans in the South were
often forced to prove their literacy before exercising their voting rights.
Which event led directly to South Carolina's secession from the United States?
the victory of Abraham Lincoln in the Election of 1860
By what name was General Scott's strategy known?
the Anaconda Plan
Confederate soldiers during the Civil War enjoyed a geographic advantage over Union soldiers because
most of the battlefields were located in Confederate states.
After the passage of the "Tariff of Abominations" in 1828, which South Carolina politician advocated "nullification" and stated that the South should ignore any law that favored the North?
John C. Calhoun
Which book is the BEST example of how growing sectional differences between the North and South were expressed in the literature of the Antebellum period?
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriett Beecher Stowe
What offers the BEST reasoning behind William Tecumseh Sherman's strategy of using "total war" to defeat the South?
The destruction in Georgia would be so complete that it would break the Confederacy's will to continue fighting.
Which BEST describes the ways the United States' tariff policies between 1816 and 1860 contributed to the South's secession and the Civil War?
The United States' tariff policies favored Northern manufacturers and harmed Southern farmers.
Which BEST describes the way the Fourteenth Amendment affected the states?
States had to give all citizens, regardless of their race or religion, equal protection under the law.
This poster was MOST likely inspired by which government action?
the passage of The Fugitive Slave Act
Which of these statements BEST describes the result of the First Battle of Bull run in July 1861?
The Union realized that the war would not end quickly and easily.
Which Civil War battle was significant in that the Union army was able to halt Robert E. Lee's invasion of the north?
Which BEST describes the social and political philosophy of the Underground Railroad "conductor" Harriet Tubman?
Slaves should escape slavery using whatever means were available to them.
Which of these BEST describes the Compromise of 1877?
Hayes becomes President and Reconstruction ends.
Beyond abolishing slavery in the United States, the Civil War was a pivotal event in American history because it
established the supremacy of the national government over state governments.
Which of these political issues caused the MOST division in Washington, DC, as the United States moved westward in the 19th century?
the expansion of slavery into newly acquired territories
The United States Congress may pass laws, and they go into effect if the President signs the law. However the Supreme Court can declare a law unconstitutional. This is an example of
checks and balances
Which is an example of the concept of Manifest Destiny in action?
the annexation of Mexican territory
Why did the Anti-Federalists push for the addition of a Bill of Rights to the United States Constitution?
they believed the people's liberties needed protection from the government
Which statement BEST describes the government outlined in the United States Constitution?
Power is divided among legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
led by Alexander Hamilton
favored a strong central government
supported by businessmen, bankers, and merchants
led by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
favored stronger state and local governments
supported by planters, farmers, and craftsmen
Following the Civil War, the Radical Republicans in Congress
regarded the southern states as conquered territory.
The Amendment which abolished slavery and involuntary servitude was the
The purpose of Jim Crow laws was to
create as much division between the races as possible.
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