Terms in this set (87)
a heterosexual cohabiting couple presenting themselves as married
when compared to being single, married persons are healthier, happier, live longer, less drug use, etc.
a generic term for marriage involving more than 2 spouses
type of marriage involving one husband and 2 or more wives
type of marriage in which one wife has 2 or more husbands
a group marriage in which each member of the group is "married" to the others
a group of 2 or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption
a pair-bonded relationship given legal significance in terms of rights and privileges
relationships in which cohabitating individuals are given some kind of official recognition by a city or corporation so as to receive partner benefits
family of orientation
also known as the family of origin, the family into which a person is born.
family of procreation
the family a person begins typically by getting married and having children
consists of you, your parents, and your siblings or you, your spouse, and your children
a family in which the members live in two households
a family created when 2 individuals marry and at least one of them brings a child or children from a previous relationship or marriage. Also referred to as a stepfamily
the nuclear family or parts of it plus other relatives such as grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins
children of the baby boomers (typically born between 1979 and 1984)
established and enduring patterns of social relationships (e.g. the family).
marriages in which females as young as 8 to 12 are required by their parents to marry an older man.
norms which give social approval to men who seek out younger, less educated, less financially secure women and vice versa
small numbers of individuals whereby the interaction is intimate and informal
groups in which the interaction is impersonal and formal
making decisions that serve the individual's rather than the family's interests.
value that decisions are made in reference to what is best for the family
pattern in which one regards group values and goals as more important than one's own values and goals
the influence of social structure and culture on interpersonal decisions
a set of interrelated principles designed to explain a particular phenomenon
social exchange framework
views interaction and choices in terms of cost and profit
individuals rationally weigh the rewards and costs associated with behavioral choices
family life course development framework
the stages and process of how families change over time
family life cycle
stages that identify the various developmental tasks family members face across time
emphasizes how marriage and family contribute to society
"wild, not domesticated" children thought to have been reared by animals
the view that individuals in relationships compete for valuable resources
symbolic interaction framework
views marriages and families as symbolic worlds in which the various members give meaning to each other's behavior
family systems framework
views each member of the family as a part of a system and the family as a unit that develops norms of interaction
views marriage and family as contexts of inequality and oppression for women
a suggested explanation for a phenomenon
the biological distinction between females and males
those with mixed or ambiguous genitals
social construct which refers to the social and psychological characteristics associated with being female or male
the process through which we learn attitudes, values, beliefs, and behaviors appropriate to the social positions we occupy
the psychological state of viewing oneself as a girl or a boy and later as a woman or a man
a generic term for a person of one biological sex who displays charicteristics of the other sex
individuals who dress or present themselves in the gender of the other sex
an individual with the biological and anatomical sex of one gender but the self-conceopt of the other sex.
social norms which specify the socially appropriate behavior for females and males in a society
roles defined by biological constraints and can be enacted by members of one biological sex only (wet nurse, sperm donor, child-bearer)
gender role ideology
the proper role relationships between women and men in a society.
also referred to as sociobiology, social behaviors are biologically based and have an evolutionary survival function
any investment by a parent that increases the offspring's chance of surviving and thus increases reproductive success.
occupational sex segregation
the concentration of women and men in different occupations
feminization of poverty
the idea that women (particularly those who live alone or with their children) disproportionately experience poverty
an attitude, action or institutional structure that subordinates or discriminates against individuals or groups because of their biological sex
the belief that women are innocent creatures who should be protected and supported
female genital alteration
cutting off the clitoris or excising (partially or totally) the labia minora
a blend of traits that are stereotypically associated with masculinity and femininity
a view of androgyny that is devoid of the negative traits associated with masculinity and femininity
gender role transcendence
abandoning gender frameworks and looking at phenomena independent of traditional gender categories
abandons the notion of gender as natural and emphasizes that gender is socially constructed
intense emotional feelings based on little actual exposure to the love object
ludic love style
views love as a game this lover has no intention of getting involved
pragma love style
love style that is logical and rational. this love partnter is evaluated in terms of pulses and minuses and is regarded as a good or bad "deal
eros love style
also known as romantic love, the love of passion and sexual desire
mania love style
the out-of-control love whereby the person "must have" the love object. obsessive jealousy and controlling behavior are symptoms of manic love
storge love style
also known as companionate love, a calm, soothing, nonsexual love devoid of intense passion
agape love style
also known as compassionate love, characterized by a focus on the well-being of the love object, with little regard for reciprocation
an intense love whereby the lover believes in love at first sight, only on e true love, and that love conquers all
the love between married people characterized by companionship, calmness, comfort, and security
mate selection pattern whereby parents select the spouse of their offspring. A matchmaker may be used but the selection is someone of which the parents approve
being annoyed and disgusted by a repeated behavior on the part of the partner
a hormone released from the pituitary gland during the expulsive stage of labor that has been associated with the onset of maternal behavior in lower animals
love that isn't returned
an emotional response to a perceived or real threat to an important or valued relationship
jealous feelings that are a reaction to something the partner is doing
obsessive ruminations about the partner's alleged infidelity that can make one's life a miserable emotional torment
involves attacking the partner or the alleged person to whom the partner is showing attention
sometimes thought of as the opposite of jealousy, the approval of a partner's emotional and sexual involvement with another person
a lifestyle in which two lovers embrace the idea of having multiple lovers. By agreement, each partner may have numerous emotional and sexual relationships
relationship in which the partners agree that each may have sexual relationships with those outside the dyad.
Over __% of U.S. adult women and men __% aged 75 and older report having been married at least once.
Benefits of Marriage
health, longevity, happiness, sexual satisfactionmoney, lower expenses, drug use, connectednesschildren, history, crime, loneliness
Dating and mating have become more heterogamous, with more freedom to select a partner socially different than oneself.
About __ percent of American adults are or have been married, or say that they want to marry
___ people are married today - yet we expect that most of the unmarried will_____ marry
People are postponing marriage. In 2009, the median age at first marriage was...
ABOUT 26 FOR WOMEN AND 28 FOR MEN
Over __% of men and over __% of women remarry.
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