The theory describes understanding people is similar to peeling an onion as people share different information about themselves at different layers. Each layer of an individual reveals different characteristics.
Interpersonal process model of intimacy
The closeness we feel towards others is created by self-disclosure and responsiveness to the disclosure.
Self-esteem comes from the difference in one's ideal self and ought self, person others and you expect to be.
Fundamental attribution error
Attributing others' behaviors based on internal attributes.
Blaming external attributions for our own behavior.
The tendency to attribute one's own success to internal attributes.
Uncertainty reduction theory
The desire to uncover information about individuals in unfamiliar communication situations whether through passive or active means.
Tendency for first impressions to be more positive than negative.
Tendency to place emphasis on the negative information we learn about others.
Because you have a positive gestalt of someone, you have the tendency to interpret anything another says or does in a favorable light.
Because you have a negative gestalt of someone, you tend to interpret anything another says or does in a negative light.
Impressions of others that change as we add and subtract positive or negative information that we learn about someone.
Process through which people use messages to create meaning within and across contexts, cultures, channels, and media.
Linear Communication Model
Info flows in 1 direction. This model features: sender, message, channel, and receiver.
Interactive Communication Model
Expands on linear model with feedback and fields of experience.
Transactional Communication Model
Views communication as multidirectional as each person has equal influence over one another.
is dynamic, transactional, dyadic, and creates impact. Conveys content, relationship info, or meta-communication Can be intentional or unintentional Irreversible Always changing
Offering the same attention to others that we provide to ourselves.
Regard others as objects
Interpersonal communication competence
Communicating effectively, ethically, and appropriately. Appropriate: Matching situational, cultural, and relational normal. Ethics: Moral principles that guide our behaviors Effective: Ability to accomplish goals Ethics of interpersonal communication