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39 terms

AP Euro - World War II (1939-1945)

AP Euro - World War II (1939-1945) Vocab Words Note: First names are in parentheses, so when you are in learn mode on Quizlet, set it to ignore everything in parenthesis so you don't have to memorize first names.
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Axis Powers
1939; Germany, Italy, and Japan
Tripartite Treaty of 1940
1940; An extension of the Rome-Berlin Axis to Include Japan
Blitzkrieg
Germany's "Ligntning war"
Non-Aggression Pact of 1939
Hitler's Agreement with Stalin over the conquering of Poland
Sitzkrieg
"Phony War" with Hitler in 1939-1940 where Hitler prepared for his attack
Maginot Line
1939; The French defense against a German invasion
Miracle of Dunkirk
1940; After Hitler conquered France and trapped the British soldiers, the British were able to ferry the British soldiers accross the English Channel to saftey
Vichy Government
1940; Puppet State in France
(Marshall) Petain
1940; The head of the Vichy Government
(Charles) De Gaulle
1940; The leader of French resistance forces; Escaped to England to orchestrate French resistance against the Vichy Government and the Nazis
(Winston) Churchill
Prime Minsiter of England in 1940 and 1955; Successor to Chamberlain
Luftwaffe
German Air Force during the Battle for Britain
(Hermann) Goering
The leader of the German Luftwaffe
Operation Barbarossa
1941; Hitler's offensive against Russia; Goal was to gain control of the Ukraine's wheat fields and oil fields
Siege of Leningrad
The battle where Hitler's soldiers waited during the cold, Russian winter
Lend Lease Act
1941 March; Congress' act which alled the president to lend or sell war materials to any country he deemed vital to that country's defense
Big Three
The common name for British-Soviet-US economic alliance
Atlantic Charter
1941 August; Roosevelt and Churchill's peace principles
(Bernard) Montgomery
1942; British General who defeated German and Italian forces in North Africa
(Erwin) Rommel
1942; Led German and Italian forces in North Africa at El Alamein
(Dwight D.) Eisenhower
1942; American general who took command of joing Anglo-American forces in Morocco and Algiers
Battle fo the Coral Sea
1942; The first battle where the US defeated Japan and both stopped their advance in the Pacific and prevented another attach on Hawaii
Battle of Midway
1942; Battle between the US and Japan wheich established American naval superiority in the Pacific
(Douglas) MacArthur
1942; The Americnan General who started island-hopping to capture strategic Japanese-held islands
Guadalcanal
The location of the first US offensive against Japan in the Solomon Islands
Battle of Stalingrad
1942-1943; A six month struggle in which Soviet forces defeated Germany; The turning point in World War II
Casablanca
The meeting place of Roosevelt and Churchill where they decided to not surrender until the Axis surrendered unconditionally
(George) Patton
The Allies' General who invaded Sicily then mainland Italy; Made Mussolini resign and Italy surrender
Teheran
1943; The location of the meeting of the Big Three for the first time; Agreed on postware occupation of Germany, demilitiraziton of Germany, and the creation of an international peace organization; Roosevelt promised to open up a second front through France
Invasion of Normandy
1944; "D-Day"; Eisenhower directed an assault on a beach in France; Established the second front through France
Battle of the Bulge
1944; Germany's last effort of a counterattach through Belgium and the Argonne Forest
Yalta Conference
1945; The name of the meeting which drew the structure of postware Europe; Finally decided on the division of Germany; Stalin agreed to hold free elections in Easter Europe and to declare war against Japan in return for land lost in the Russo-Japanese war
Battle of Iwo Jima
1945; Battle agasint America and Tokyo
VE Day
May 8, 1945; The name of the day which ended World War II
Potsdam Conference
1945; The meeting of Chruchill, Stalin, and Truman to address issues of postware Gernamy and free Eastern Europe elections
Holocaust
The efforts of Hitler and the Nazis to destroy all of the Jews of Europe
Nuremberg Laws
1935; Laws which placed severe restrictions on Jews in Germany
Kristallnacht
1938; Riots against Jews which initiated a persecution of Jews
United Nations
1945; An international organization to preserve peace; Proceeded the League of Nations