33 terms

Constitution (Civics 360)

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Preamble
__________ - the 1st part of the Constitution that lists 6 purposes for the document.
We the People
What phrase in the US Constitution's preamble refers to the fact that the government gets its powers to govern from its citizens?
Popular sovereignty
__________ is the idea that the power to govern ultimately comes from the people being governed.
establish justice
What phrase in the US Constitution's preamble indicates that the Constitution was meant to create a government that was a fair and honest system for all?
Rule of law
__________ - the idea that everyone must follow the law, including the leaders and the police.
to form a more perfect union
What phrase in the US Constitution's preamble indicates that the Constitution was meant to create a government that was better than that created by the Articles of Confederation?
insure domestic tranquility
One of the weaknesses of the government set up by the Articles of Confederation was its inability to effectively respond to uprisings and rebellions. What phrase in the Constitution's preamble indicates that the new government will have the power to put down rebellion?
provide for the common defense
What phrase in the Constitution's preamble indicates that the new central government had the power to raise and maintain an army and a navy?
Constitutional
__________ government is a government based on a written framework that defines how that government is organized.
Constitution
The __________ is the highest law of the land.
limited government
A government that doesn't have total power, but is restricted in what it can do by a constitution and/or a bill of rights is known as a what?
limited
The US has a government that has been __________ in power by its Constitution.
checks and balances
Because the Constitution set up three different but equal branches of government, the different branches act as __________ against each other in an attempt to prevent the abuse of power.
separation of powers
The Constitution created three branches of government so that there was a __________.
impeachment
What procedure is used to remove the President (and other high-ranking officials like Federal judges) from office for committing "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors"?
judicial review
__________ - the power of the judicial branch to review the actions of the executive and legislative branches and determine whether or not they are unconstitutional (this includes laws passed by Congress); the U.S. Supreme Court case Marbury v. Madison established this power (civics360.org).
Marbury v. Madison
__________ - U.S. Supreme Court case that established judicial review (civics360.org).
2/3
Congress can propose amendments to the Constitution with a __________ vote in both houses.
2/3
If __________ of state legislatures vote to do so, they can call for a constitutional convention to propose amendments.
3/4
Amendments are ratified and added to the constitution if __________ of state legislatures vote to do so.
3/4
Amendments are ratified and added to the constitution if __________ of states successfully hold ratification conventions.
Article V
__________ of the Constitution explains how to propose and ratify amendments.
republican
Article IV, section 4 of the US Constitution requires that all states have a __________ form of government.
We the people
Both the US and Florida constitutions begin with the phrase "__________".
12
While the US Constitution has 7 articles, the Florida Constitution has __________.
Declaration of Rights
While the US Constitution now has a Bill of Rights, the Florida Constitution has a __________.
Article VI
__________ of the US Constitution contains the Supremacy Clause.
Supremacy Clause
The __________ (found in Article VI) states that the US Constitution is the "supreme Law of the Land".
27
The US Constitution has __________ amendments.
60
Changes to the Florida Constitution must be approved by at least __________% of voters in an election.
5
There are __________ ways to propose amendments to the Florida Constitution.
Concurrent
__________ powers are powers shared by the Federal and state governments.
Philadelphia
In what city was the current US Constitution written?