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Policy Final Exam
Terms in this set (36)
Medicare Part C
Comprehensive plans: private insurance companies contracted with Medicare.
Refers to the Medicare Advantage program through which beneficiaries can enroll in a private health plan, such as a health maintenance organization (HMO) or preferred provider organization (PPO), and receive all Medicare-covered Part A and Part B benefits and typically Part D benefits.
EITC (Earning Income Tax Credit)
Comes from IRS, the more you earn, the more you get back, incentives working, no stigma attached, bigger than TANF, must work to get this (if you do not work, you do not get it)
TANF (Temporary Aid to Needy Families)
Assist needy families, so that children can be cared for in their own homes, Reduce the dependency of needy parents by promoting job preparation, work, and marriage, 5 year maximum
protect individuals and their families from loss of earnings due to retirement, disability, or death; Payment is based on lifetime earnings, Funded by employers and employees contributions, must have 40 "credits", or 10 total years of work; Early retirement at 62 (penalty)
Full retirement at 67,
ADA (American's with Disabilities Act)
applies to adults, cant discriminate against those with disabilities and must provide reasonable accommodations (ramp, sound at stop lights, braille, etc.)
IDEA (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act)
for children to access public education, schools must provide education with less restrictions for those with disabilities (IEP's: for children with learning disabilities to help them learn, sit in front of class, more time on test, allowed to stand, etc)
Civil Rights Act
Cannot be discriminated against due to race (govt protected group)
Voting Rights Act
Cannot have requirements that exclude specific group of people; i.e.: literacy test (example given in study session was having poles close early in black communities)
Medicare Part A
Hospital: Covers inpatient hospital stays, skilled nursing facility stays, some home health visits, and hospice care. Part A benefits are subject to a deductible and coinsurance amounts for extended inpatient stays in a hospital or skilled nursing facility.
Medicare Part B
Outpatient services: Covers physician visits, outpatient services, preventive services, and some home health visits. Part B benefits are subject to a deductible ($183 in 2018), and most Part B benefits are subject to coinsurance of 20 percent
Medicare Part D
Prescription drugs: Covers outpatient prescription drugs through private plans that contract with Medicare, including both stand-alone prescription drug plans (PDPs) and Medicare Advantage drug plans (MA-PD plans); enrollment in Part D plans is voluntary.
For families who are 138 percent below the federal poverty line. For pregnant women, children, families with children, and individuals with disabilities. Many older adults receive both Medicare and Medicaid. Some states have been allowed to expand Medicaid coverage.
Under Affordable Care Act, more people are eligible for the program (SC declined)
Affordable Care Act
Tried to tackle affordability, access, and quality., Sets up minimum essential coverage, Ten areas of care that must be covered by insurance. Under this policy, there used to be a penalty for not having insurance. Children can stay on their parents' insurance until they are 26 years old.
No pre-existing conditions penalties or annual or lifetime caps. Employers with 50 or more employees must offer insurance.
SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program)
Monthly, near cash benefits for food for poor and near-poor households
-Net income cannot exceed 130 percent of the federal poverty line.
-Benefit level based on Thrifty Food Plan, assuming 30 percent of income is contributed.
-Choice of what foods to purchase, but no hot or pre-prepared foods.
-On average, household benefit covers about 2.5 weeks of the food a family needs each month.
WIC (Women, Infants, and Children Program)
-Monthly "checks" for prescribed foods.
-Must be eligible based on income and nutritional risk.
-Focus on pregnant or lactating mothers, young children (under age 5), and their caregivers
Section 8 Housing
low income housing program, vouchers for housing, creates segregated housing, landlord must accept voucher and can not charge more than fair market rent (3rd of someone;s income)
Federal Poverty Line
To promote the return of children to their families when feasible:
-Has there been adequate intra-agency coordination?
-Have all relatives been contacted and their ability to care for the child assessed?
-How has the social service agency helped the substance-abusing parent obtain treatment?
-Have referrals to treatment programs been appropriate?
-Has the availability of the many service programs been examined?
place children into foster home while searching for for placement, short-term placement
Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation; or an act or failure to act, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.
intensive family preservation services
family-focused, community-based crisis intervention services designed to maintain children safely in their homes and prevent the unnecessary separation of families.
In least restrictive setting (with relatives, etc), Foster care programs
Termination of Parental Rights
-When reunification with the family is not an option anymore
The legal determination that the biological parent no longer has claim to the child.
-The child is then put up for adoption
liberties concern basic rights and freedoms that apply to everyone (the right to free speech, privacy, to remain silent in a police interrogation, be free from unreasonable searches of your home, a fair court trial, marry, vote)
rights concern the basic right to be free from unequal treatment based on certain protected characteristics (race, gender, disability, etc.)
members of a protected class are treated differently because of their protected class status
members of a protected class experience different impact of practice/policy that is, on its face, neutral
Least Restrictive Environment
with relatives, in proximity to parents when possible)
groups of people protected by federal law (religion, race, nationality, age, sex)
What police use to determine if someone is a terrorist, different nationality or religion gets checked for terrorist behaviors
-pay to have the insurance (pay whether or not you go to the doctor)
pay before your insurance covers anything (comes if you go to the doctor)
Pay during each visit (comes if you go to the doctor)
Someone who is moving from country to country
Someone who is escaping persecution and is seeking asylum
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