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Terms in this set (59)
According to Aristotle, the source of human mood, memory, and behavior is _______.
Term "psychology" is a combination of 2 Greek roots that essentially means "the ____ of the soul".
Renee Descarte coined the term "cogito, ergo sum", which means "I ______ therefore I am".
According to the text, the founder of the world's first psychological laboratory was ______.
Titchener's attempts to understand the mind by means of introspection is known as the ______ school of thought.
William James' attempts to understand the mind by breaking it down according to the functions of its parts is known as the ______ school of thought.
The Russian biologist best known for his study of salivating dogs is known as?
Sigmund Freud's theories have mostly to do with what we think and do on an unconscious level.
Aaron Beck's modern theory dealing with what and how we think about ourselves and our environments is commonly known as ______.
Text states we will learn about psychology based on a purely psychological model, not bothering to take into account biological and social factors that influence behavior.
According to your chapter, biology and behavior are inseparable.
The specialized nerve cells that the human nervous system uses to send messages from one are to another is called _______.
The nervous system uses _______ impulses to move messages from one cell to another.
This chapter talks about a series of chemical messengers used by the nervous system. These are generally known as _________.
The brain and the spinal cord are both parts of which division of the nervous system?
From an evolutionary psychological perspective, the frontal lobes are the oldest part of the brain.
Our flight or fight response is generally tied to which brain system?
The brain system that allows us to adapt to changes in our environment at a much faster and more complex rate than other animals is known as the ________.
The dense band of neural fibers that divides our brain into left and right lobes is called the _____.
The ______ brain is responsible for logic, order, and language, while the _____ brain is associated with music, are, and emotion.
The tendency to believe that we should have foreseen an outcome once we know it to be true is what?
When we tend to think we know more than we actually do, we demonstrate the phenomenon known as:
When we falsely perceive predictability in random events, we engage in what kind of bias?
According to your readings, the heart of psychological science is critical thinking.
Knowledge we tend to take for granted is referred to in your readings as _____.
When we uncritically accept the word of another person based on their position or relationship to us, we are using _____ as our way of knowing.
Moving from general principles to specific applications is known as:
All scientific knowing had its foundation in deductive reasoning.
The scientific method requires that we develop a _____, an educated guess based on experience and research, before we perform an experiment.
When one event follows another, we can confidently say that we have observed causation, but not necessarily correlation.
A personals general level and style of emotional reactivity is known as _____.
The spiraling, complex molecule that contains our genes is known as ____.
Pat has 2 X chromosomes. According to your text, that would make him/her ______.
Twins formed from separate fertilized eggs are known as _____.
Research shows that there is no difference in degrees of similarity between twins formed from one egg and those formed from two.
The amount of variation in a population that is not explained by genetic factors is known as _____.
The level of environmental enrichment made available to a child has a direct impact on brain development.
Cultures that raise children to be more independent and self-reliant are known as _____.
According to your text, there is no difference in average blood pressure levels around members of racial groups.
Your text notes that there are several types of abilities that are lost if they are not used or developed over time. They include which of the following?
Consciousness is a main factor that allows us to think at a higher level than animals by learning from our actions.
Daydreams and nighttime dreams are examples of what type of consciousness?
The ______ theory of consciousness says that we constantly operate at 2 levels of consciousness- a high road and low road.
Attention is an unlimited resource. It grows in response to our need for it.
Blindness to what does not have our immediate and direct attention is known as _____.
Our states of sleep and wakefulness are governed by a hormonal and metabolic cycle known as the _____.
The phase of sleep where we experience story like dreams.
Which theorist wrote that dreams are a subconscious way of fulfilling our wishes.
Sudden attacks of overwhelming sleepiness that usually lasts five minutes or less is known as ______.
When the sperm and egg unite, _____ is formed.
Once the nine week mark is reached, the developing human is now referred to as a _____.
Substances such as viruses and chemicals that can damage the developing human being are known as _____.
All babies are born with certain traits and responses that do not have to be learned known as reflexes.
The mental activities that help us function, such as problem-solving and storing and retrieving knowledge, are known as _____.
The French theorist who observed children move through predictable stages of development as they learn to understand the world was named _____.
In developmental terms, the mental container we build to organize our experiences is known as a _____.
The ability to understand that people and objects continue to exist even when we can't see them is called ______?
The inability to understand that others see the world differently than we do is called ______.
The basic emotional tie to other human beings that provides safety for human development is commonly known as ____.
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