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19 terms

Chapter 2 Government

STUDY
PLAY
demography
the science of population changes
census
an actual enumeration of the population, with the constitution requires that the government conduct every ten years
melting pot
a term often used to characterize the united states, with its history of immigration and mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples.
minority majority
the situation, likely beginning in the mid-twenty-century,in which the non-hispanic whites will represent a minority of the us popluation and minority groups together will represent the majority
political culture
an overall set of values widely shared within a society
reappointment
the process of reallocating seats in the house of represenitives every ten years on the basis of thr results of the census
public opinion
the distrubution of the populations beliefs about politics and policy issues
political socialization
the process through which individuals in a society acquire political attitudes, views, and knowledge, based upon inputs from family, schools, the media,and others
sample
a relatively small proportion of the people who are chosen in a survey so as to be representative of the whole
random sampling
the key technique employed by survey researchers, which operates ontbe principle that everyone should have an equal probability of being selected for the sample
sampling error
the level of confidence in the findings of a public opinion poll.
random digit dialing
a technique used by pollsters to place telephone calls randomly to both listed and unlisted numbers
exit poll
public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predicts electoral winners
political ideology
a coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, abd public purpose, which helps give meaning to political events
gender gap
the regular pattern in which women are more limelyto support Democratic canidates, in part because thet tend to be less conservative than men and more likely to support spending on social services and oppose higher levels of military spending
protest
a form of political participation designed to achieve plicy change through dramatic and unconventional tactics
civil disobedience
a form of political participation based on a conscious decision to break the law believed to be unjust and to suffer the consequences
poltical participation
all the activities used by citizens to influence the selections of political leaders or the politics they persue
party identification
a citizens self proclaimed preference for one party over the other