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the science of population changes


an actual enumeration of the population, with the constitution requires that the government conduct every ten years

melting pot

a term often used to characterize the united states, with its history of immigration and mixing of cultures, ideas, and peoples.

minority majority

the situation, likely beginning in the mid-twenty-century,in which the non-hispanic whites will represent a minority of the us popluation and minority groups together will represent the majority

political culture

an overall set of values widely shared within a society


the process of reallocating seats in the house of represenitives every ten years on the basis of thr results of the census

public opinion

the distrubution of the populations beliefs about politics and policy issues

political socialization

the process through which individuals in a society acquire political attitudes, views, and knowledge, based upon inputs from family, schools, the media,and others


a relatively small proportion of the people who are chosen in a survey so as to be representative of the whole

random sampling

the key technique employed by survey researchers, which operates ontbe principle that everyone should have an equal probability of being selected for the sample

sampling error

the level of confidence in the findings of a public opinion poll.

random digit dialing

a technique used by pollsters to place telephone calls randomly to both listed and unlisted numbers

exit poll

public opinion surveys used by major media pollsters to predicts electoral winners

political ideology

a coherent set of beliefs about politics, public policy, abd public purpose, which helps give meaning to political events

gender gap

the regular pattern in which women are more limelyto support Democratic canidates, in part because thet tend to be less conservative than men and more likely to support spending on social services and oppose higher levels of military spending


a form of political participation designed to achieve plicy change through dramatic and unconventional tactics

civil disobedience

a form of political participation based on a conscious decision to break the law believed to be unjust and to suffer the consequences

poltical participation

all the activities used by citizens to influence the selections of political leaders or the politics they persue

party identification

a citizens self proclaimed preference for one party over the other

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