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31 terms

4th Science Ch 2

STUDY
PLAY
Solar Energy
Energy given off by the sun
Conduction
How thermal energy moves from a stove to a pot *This is also how I get burned
Energy
The ability to cause a change
How thermal energy moves
Conduction, Convection, and Radiation
Heat
The movement of thermal energy from one kind of matter to another
Kinetic Energy
Energy of Motion
Convection
When warm matter moves from one place to another * Liquid or Gas Heat rises
Infrared Radiation
Bundles of energy that carry heat
Fuel
Any material that can burn
Waste Heat
Unneeded and unused thermal energy *** Candles and light bulbs are used for light but make heat that is wasted
Temperature
A measure of the average energy of motion of the particles in matter
Thermal Energy
The kinetic energy of particles in matter *We feel it as heat
Radiation
Bundles of energy that move through matter and empty space *Sunburn
What is Thermal Energy?
The energy of the motion of particles in matter
How is Thermal Energy measured?
Temperature is a measure of the energy of motion in matter
What happens when Thermal Energy is added to matter?
Particles move faster
What happens when Thermal Energ is taken away?
Particles slow down
The process of transferring Thermal Energy is call what?
Heat
What are three ways Thermal Energy can be transferred?
1.Conduction-Happens when particles bump into each other.
2. Convection- Warm matter moves from one place to another.
3. Radiation- When thermal Energy moves through emply space
How is Thermal Energy produced?
1. Burning
2. Solar Energy
How is Thermal Energy is used?
1. Cooking
2. Warm Homes
3. Generate Electricity
The Ability to cause change in objects or materials is called_____________
Energy
Any material that can burn is ____________
A Fuel
Thermal Energy is _________
The energy of the random motion of particles in matter
The transfer of thermal energy is ________
Heat
We call the transfer of thermal energy from particles bumping into each other____________
Conduction
We call the transfer of thermal energy as particles in gases or liquids that move from one place to another __________
Convection
The transfer of energy through empty space happens by__________
Radiation
Bundles of energy that transfer heat through empty space as well as through matter are called_________
Infrared Radiation
The measure of the average energy of motion in matter is known as __________
Temperature
The energy given off by the sun alone is called ____________
Solar Energy