17 terms

Cognitive Development in Infants/Toddlerhood/Early Childhood

what are the main cognitive theories/theorist for this stage?
info processing
what is behaviorism?
we learn though rewards and punishments
what is consrtuctivism?
developing things on your own
what was Piaget's theory?
children learn from constructing their own knowledge as the manipulate and explore their world.
what are schemes?
ideas/actions that infants develop to learn and explore
what is adaptation?
building schemes through interaction with environment
what is assimilation?
interpretation that is congruent with current schemes
what is accommodation?
new schemes are created and old ones are adjusted to produce a better fit with experiences
was Piaget's theory continuous or discontinuous?
what are the 4 stages of Piaget's theory?
pre operational
concrete operational
formal operational
what happens in the sensorimotor stage?
0-2 yrs.
adapting schemes to problem solving
6 sub-stages
object permanence
goal-directed behavior
circular reaction
a not b error
what happens in the pre operational stage?
2-7 yrs.
mental operations replace sensorimotor activity
symbols and language
make believe play
egocentrism dies down
animistic thinking
trouble with classification and conservation
what are the three areas where Piaget may not be legit?
some things he said occur much earlier
cognitive development doesn't happen as structured
researchers say some infants have built-in equipment
what is Vygotsky's theory?
knowledge is constructed through interaction with culture and others instead of exploration
is vygotsky's theory continuous or discontinuous?
both: cognitive is continuous, and language is dis.
what three parts of the mental system does information processing use?
sensory register
working/short-term memory
long term memory
how does information processing work in early childhood?
attention increases (planning)
literacy increases (math development)
strategies improve (goals)