Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood
which one of Piaget's stages is occuring?
what happens in concrete operational?
experience is tied with physical representations
vygotsky's sociocultural cognitive theory
continuous: cognitive development is constructed through child's social and contextual environment
what happens in vygotsky's sociocultural theory
interactions with others
learning in ZPD
what is scaffolding?
just enough help to get the student to just barely be able to do something on their own
was is ZPD
zone of proximal development
what happens if we are above or below our ZPD?
what happens with info processing in this stage?
increase in speed and memory
recall and recognition
what is metacognition?
thinking about thought; being able to understand how we process things
what are the three memory strategies?
organization: grouping related items
elaboration: creating relationships/shared meanings
what does Intelligence require
capacity to learn
total knowledge acquired
abilility to adapt to new situations
becomes stable at 6
correlates with academic achievement and number of yrs. in school
common measurements of IQ
Standford-Binet (first test, one test)
Wechsler intelligence-test for difference ages
differences in intelligence
AF. AM. children average 15 points lower than whites
gap btw. low and middle SES is 15-20 points
people with higher IQ stay in school longer
people who stay in school longer have higher IQ