Chapter 19 Section 3
Terms in this set (40)
coated with a thin layer of gold paint
the gilded age
an era of greed and political corruption
what was the progressives goals?
end corruption and unfair practices in government, industry, labor, and society, give people more say in government, use government to improve the quality of life
the main danger of progressivism was. . .
science replaced the bible
true or false; the liberalists believe that man is good and improving his environment will make things better (socialism)
progressives use government _______ to fix societies problems
what is the spoils system?
the practice of rewarding political supporters with government jobs
the spoils system started with. . .
true or false; the spoils system was a good way to reward political supporters
false; led to corruption in government
power of the rich
people feared that the wealthy controlled politics
_________ was caused by the spoils system, including bribery and ______ fraud
where were political bosses powerful?
city, country, and state government
political bosses demanding payoffs from businesses
political bosses provided. . .
jobs, made loans, and other necessities for votes
true or false; political bosses were popular with the poor and immigrants
________ overcharged some, while giving _____ to others
what were some ways businesses were cruel to laborers?
worked long hours, low pay, unsafe working conditions, women and children exploited
in the triangle shirtwaist company fire of 1911. . .
146 were killed, mostly women, because the doors were locked to keep the workers on their jobs
true or false; building codes; standards for construction,, required 3 fire escapes, and plumbing
false; 5 fire escapes
pollution- _______ laws kept factories out of neighborhoods
what were some ways sanitation was improved?
garbage collection and street sweepers
the safety in neighborhoods was improved greatly, including. . .
professional fire and police departments, street lights, and public transportation
true or false; city managers are not elected and ran the city
voters could gain more power with- primaries, _______, referendums, ______, direct election of ______ (17th amendment)
professional manager to run city government
voters chose candidates for general election
citizens introduce legislature and the legislature votes on it
legislature submitted to the voter for approval
voters could remove an elected official from office
16th amendment graduated income tax
wealthy pay tax at a higher rate than the poor or middle class
direct election of senators
senators would be more responsive to voters (17th amendment)
exposed corruption in government and other big business practices to the public
what was jacob riis known for?
photographer and writer that showed slum life
ida _______- exposed unfair businesses of the standard ____ company
upton sinclair wrote the novel. . .
the jungle that detailed the meatpacking business
true or false; muckrakers helped change public's opinion from ignoring problems to demanding reforms
what did settlement houses offer?
services to the poor
____ house was founded by jane ______
the hull house. . .
helped immigrants acculturate, taught english and american government class, and had day care for working mothers
what were some other reforms?
better health laws, ban on child labor, women suffrage (the right to vote)