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15.1 - The Cold War (Beginnings)
Terms in this set (25)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
German intellectuals who promoted the ideas of socialism and communism and wrote the Communist Manifesto.
The last czar, or king of Russia. He and his family were murdered by the Bolsheviks.
Leader of the Bolsheviks and first communist leader of the Soviet Union.
The communist revolutionaries in Russia.
One of Lenin's supporters and the second leader of the Soviet Union from 1922-1953.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the United States during the Great Depression and most of WWII.
United Nations (UN)
An organization in which the nations of the world meet to cooperate and solve disputes. The headquarters is in New York City.
The small group of nations that has the authority to set policy for the United Nations. It includes five permanent members: the US, UK, France, Russia and China.
The body of the representatives of every nation that is a member of the United Nations. This group can pass resolutions to express opinion but does not have the authority to set policy.
The administrator of the United Nations. The Secretary General traditionally plays a peace-keeping role in the world.
An economic system in which people are free to make choices about how to spend money, where to work, etc.
Free Market Economy
Another term for capitalism.
An economic systems in which the government controls all production and distribution. In theory, everyone works and everyone shares.
From everyone according to his ability, to everyone according to his need
A slogan that explains how a communist economy works. Everyone contributes and everyone shares in the profits.
The right to reject a law. In the case of the United Nations, each of the five permanent members of the Security Council can veto a measure.
The Communist Manifesto
The book by Marx and Engels that explained communism.
February 1945 meeting between President Roosevelt, Josef Stalin, and Great Britain's Prime Minister Winston Churchill to make agreements about the post-WWII world.
A conferences in July and August 1945 between President Truman, Josef Stalin and Great Britain's Clement Attlee in which the leaders agreed to divide Germany into four zones of occupation.
The process by which former colonies in the Third World gained independence from European powers in the first few decades after WWII.
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
The official name of the Soviet Union.
Nation created in the Middle East after WWII largely by Jews who escaped the Holocaust. Israel and the United States are strong allies, but Israel has a history of violent confrontation with its Arab neighbors.
The traditionally poorer regions of the world including Central and South America, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia and Southeast Asia.
The division between Eastern and Western Europe marking the separation between the communist and free worlds.
A wall built by the East German government in 1961 to prevent people from escaping to West Berlin. It became a symbol of the division between the free and communist worlds.
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