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15.2 - The Cold War (Containment)
Terms in this set (38)
The State Department official who developed the policy of containment.
American Secretary of State who proposed using American money to rebuild Europe. He believed that if countries had a strong economy they would be less likely to fall to communism.
American air force general who organized the Berlin Airlift.
Alliance that includes the United States, Canada, and most of the nations of Western Europe as well Greece and Turkey. It was created to counter the threat of the Soviet Union.
The collective security agreement that was the answer to NATO. It included the Soviet Union and most of Eastern Europe.
Leader of the movement to overthrow the last of the Chinese emperors. He is often considered the "Father of China."
Sun Yat-sen's successor and leader of the nationalist, non-communist Chinese forces. He lost to Mao and fled to Taiwan.
Leader of the Chinese communists. He became the first leader of mainland China after the communist takeover.
First leader of South Korea. He ruled as a dictator but was not communist.
First leader of communist North Korea.
American hero of WWII in the Pacific. He had led the occupation of Japan and was commander in the Korean War until he was relieved by President Truman for insubordination.
Second leader of North Korea from 1994-2011
Third leader of North Korea from 2011 to the present.
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam. His primary goal was Vietnamese independence.
The guerrilla fighters loyal to Ho Chi Minh.
Vo Nguyen Giap
General in charge of the North Vietnamese Army. He defeated the French at Dien Bien Phu.
Ngo Dinh Diem
Leader of South Vietnam. He was widely disliked by his own people.
Guerrilla fighters loyal to Ho Chi Minh based in South Vietnam.
Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. They were independent nations along the Baltic Sea before WWII. After the war they were absorbed into the Soviet Union. They were the first three republics to declare independence in 1991.
Capital city of Germany. After WWII it was divided. West Berlin was a small enclave of freedom surrounded by Soviet-dominated East Germany. The city was the site of many standoffs and physical manifestations of the Cold War.
People's Republic of China (PRC)
The official name of communist mainland China.
Republic of China (ROC)
The official name of non-communist Taiwan.
The small island nation off the southern coast of China founded by Chiang Kai-shek and his followers.
The line of latitude that divided North and South Korea before the Korean War. The current boundary still roughly follows the 38th Parallel.
Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)
The three-mile wide strip of land that marks the boundary between North and South Korea.
The French colony in Southeast Asia including Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos.
Capital of North Vietnam.
Capital of South Vietnam. Today it is known as Ho Chi Minh City.
The policy of preventing the spread of communist but not trying to eliminate it where it already existed.
President Truman's plan to implement containment and use American money to support countries that were in danger of falling under communist domination.
The plan to use American money to rebuild Europe. It was intended to prevent the spread of communism by demonstrating that a free market system would be the path to prosperity.
American belief that if one nation fell to communism its neighbors would soon follow.
An agreement between nations in which they agree to treat an attack on any member of the agreement as an attack on all members.
A situation in war in which neither side is able to win.
An agreement to stop fighting. Rather than creating peace, is serves as a permanent suspension of war.
Operation mounted by the United States and Great Britain to supply West Berlin by air when Stalin cut off the city's land access in 1948-1949. The Airlift was a success despites tremendous obstacles and the city was saved from communist takeover.
Heroic march of the Chinese communists to escape destruction.
Dien Bien Phu
Final battle in 1954 between the Vietnamese forces under Ho Chi Min and the French. The French lost and they abandoned Indochina as a colony.
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