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Biblical Archaeology 2

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Saul, First King of Israel
Late 11th Century
David, founds dynasty
1000 - 965 BC
Solomon
965 - 925 BC
Shishak (Sheshonq), Egypt attacks Judah and Israel
923 BC
Shalmaneser III, Black Obelisk
858 - 824 BC
Tiglat Pileser III, Inagurates Assyrian Empire
745 - 727 BC
Shalmaneser V, Fall of Samaria to Assyrians
722 BC
Sennacherib, Hezekiah (King of Judah), Assyrian attack on Judah
701 BC
Assyrian Empire collapses
610 BC
Nebbuchadnezzar (King of Babylonia), Fall of Jerusalem
586 BC
The Return to Zion
538 - 445 BC
The Persian Period
539 - 332 BC
Alexander the Great, Conquers Holy Land
332 BC
The Hellenistic Period
332 - 37 BC
Pompey (Roman General), Conquers Jerusalem
63 BC
Herod the Great
37 - 4 BC
Fall of Jerusalem to Romans, 2nd Holy Temple destroyed
AD 70
Iron Age I
1200 - 1000 BC
Iron Age II
1000 - 586 BC
Hebrew for porch
ulam
Hebrew for sanctuary
hechal
Hebrew for Holy of Holies
dvir
Cour de Cachette
wall at Temple of Amun at Karnak, belonging to Merneptah, but ursurped by Amenmesse and Sety II
palimpest
layers of plaster paintings over time
merneptah stele
aka the isreal stele 1206 B.C.
Frank Yurko
said isrealites are cannanites
Anson Rainey
said isrealites are shasu-bedouin
Kings of the XIXth Dynasty on the Cour De Cachette
Ramses II 1279-1212 (treaty with hittites), Merneptah 1212-1202 (battle scenes =isreal stele), Amenmesse 1202-1199 (usurper), Seti II 1199-1193 (ursurper)
Settlement planning Iron IA
not really any
Isrealite conquest of Canaan
arch. evidence points towards Judges story
Pillared house
Iron IA, four roomed house, not Isreali
collared rim
pithos, large jars
Bronze bull figurine
religious, reminds us of golden calf in the Bible
Iron Pick
Iron IA, Har Adir (11th Century B.C.)
El-Khader arrowheads
Inscription of servant of the lioness on it
leba'im
meaning lions, what Kind Davids archers were called
Temple at Medinet Habu
Ramses III motuary with inscriptions of the Sea Peoples
pelest
philistines
shikilu
Tjeker, later found at Dor
Dieres
Greek warship with two levels of rowers
The tale of Wenamun
1074 B.C.
Beder
Prince of Dor
Philistine Pentapolis
Gaza, Ashod, Ashkelon, Ekron, Gath
Mycenaean IIIC1b pottery
desends from mycenaean pottery, locally made
Orpheus vase
Ashdoda, woman melting into bed
Tell Qasile
in Tel Aviv-only philistine temple
Iron Age II A
1000-925 - United Monarchy
Trade under Solomon
Phoenicians, Hiram of Tyre
Solomons Districts
Isreal and Judah
City of David
stepped structure
Solomons Temple
tripart division, porch, sanctuary, holy of holies
ulam
porch
hecal
sanctuary
holy of holies
dvir
columns
yachin and boaz ?
sphinx
cherub
Temple steps protected by lions and sphinxes
Ain Dara
Area H Temple
Hazor
Proto-Aeolic Capitals
baaed on plam decoration
Solomonic construction outside Jerusalem
Hazor, Meggido, Gezer
Stratum VA-solomonic gates
Gezer, Hazor Meggido
Dan Inscription
House of David stele fragment from Dan
Bet David
dynasty of David
Bubasite Portal at Karnak
Shishaks topographical list
Negev fortifications
hilltop fortifications
Amalekites
desert nomans
Iron Age IIB
925-720 = divided monarchy to fall of Samaria
Iron Age IIC
720-586 = to babylonian destruction of Jerusalem
Rehoboam
Son of solomon, Kind of Judea
Jeoboam
son of Bebat, first King of Isreal (at solomons death)
Invasion by Shichak
923
divided kingdom
judah (judea) and isreal
Samaria
capital of Isreal, founded by Omri enlarged by his son Ahab
Ashlar masonry
stones cut for building
Header and stretcher construction
type of construction, stretcher meaning longways, header meaning layed widthwise
Phoenician connection with Isreal
Ahab marries Jezebel, princess of Tyre
Samaria Ivories
9/8th century, woman in the window
Samaria Ostraca
reciepts
Kuntillet Ajurd
weigh station
black obelisk
isrealites paying tribute to assyrians
transportation of poputlations
ten lost tribes
Sennacherib's attack on Judah and Jerusalem
701, destroys Lacish and Jerusalem
Prism of Sennacherib
Ninevah, story of Jerusalem
Hezekiahs preparations
Strengthened jerusalems wall and tunnel or slioam
Hezekia tunnel
siloam tunnel
fall of Assyrian Empire
610
Fall of Jerusalem to Babylonians
586
The Return to Zion
538-445
The Persian Empire
539-332
Anitochus IV
Bad guy in jewish history. tries to do away with Judaism
Maccabees
rise up against anitochus
Romans arrive 63
conquer jerusalem
Herod the great
37-4 greatest builder ever
romans destroy jerusalem and holy temple
70 AD
Jospeh Flavius
Jewish 1st century AD historian