23 terms

Bones Muscles and Skin

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Terms in this set (...)

Cell
the basic unit of structure an function in a living thing
Tissue
a group of similar cells that perform the same function
Muscle Tissue
A body tissue that contracts or short tens, making body parts move.
Nervous Tissue
A body tissue that carries electrical messages back and forth between the brain and every other part of the body.
Epithelial tissue
A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside and out
Organ
A structure in the body that is composed by different kinds of tissues
Organ System
A group of organs that work together to perform a major function in the body
Homeostasis
The process by which an organism's internal environment is kept stable in spite of changes in the external enviornment
Stress
The reaction of your body to potentially threatening, challenging, or disturbing events
Skeleton
The inner framework that makes up all the bones in the body
Vertebrae
the 26 small bones that make up the backbone
Joint
A place in the body where two bones come together [Immovable & moveable]
Cartilage
A connective tissue that is more flexible than bone and connects the ends of bones and keeps the from rubbing together
Ligament
Strong connective tissues that hold bones together immovable joints
Compact Bone
Hard dense bone tissue that is beneath the outer membrane
Spongy Bone
Layer of bone tissue that has many small spaces and found just inside the layer of compact bone
Marrow
A muscle that is not under constant control
Involuntary Muscle
A muscle that is not under constant control
Voluntary Muscle
A muscle that is always under constant control
Skeletal Muscle
A muscle that is attached to the bones of the skeleton and provides the force that moves the bones
Tendon
A strong connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
Smooth Muscle
Involuntary muscle found in many internal organs of body
Cardic Muscle
Muscle tissue found only in the heart