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EXAM 1 ARTA NO EDITS
Terms in this set (44)
materials used to create a work of art
Representational Art vs. Nonrepresentational Art
visually recreates objects we see in the world
doesn't try to replicate an object
-recreates an object in a non-representative way
2 Meanings of Abstract Art:
Works that have no reference at all to natural objects
Works that depict/recreate natural objects in simplified & distorted ways (in order to emphasize/reveal qualities)
traditional, learned from family or community member
don't make money, have no formal training, make art for themselves, does not include hobbyists
What is art? What is the difference between representational, non representational, and abstract art?
is the expression of an idea/experience, formed with skill, through the use of a medium.
makes an effort to visually recreate objects in the world.
remains representational, albeit in a highly stylised manner
makes no effort at all to visually represent the world.
evokes a sense of elevated awareness
encourages imagination and attempts to realize a mental conception of beauty, a standard of perfection
circles, rectangles, squares, triangles and so on - have the clear edges one achieves when using tools to create them.
organic (as applied to lines/shapes)
Are shapes with a natural look and a flowing and curving appearance, Organic shapes and forms are typically irregular or asymmetrical, Organic shapes are associated with things from the natural world, like plants and animals.
suggested line is there - - -
suggest the image of a living thing
in perspective, the imaginary plane corresponding to the surface of a picture, perpendicular to the viewer's line of sight.
what you can see/ negative space
figure/ground reversal; what you can see versus what is negative space
Closed form (in sculpture)
sculpture that does not interact with their environment
Open form (in sculpture)
sculpture that interacts with its environment
trick of the eye
relative size, shape, and position of objects are determined by drawn or imagined lines converging at a point on the horizon.
the point at which receding parallel lines viewed in perspective appear to converge horizon line: where sky separates from land or water.
Atmospheric perspective/Aerial perspective
method of creating the illusion of depth, or recession, in a painting or drawing by modulating color to simulate changes effected by the atmosphere on the colors of things seen at a distance.
form of art that depends on movement for its effect
the process or technique of laying on paint or pigment thickly so that it stands out from a surface.
the treatment of light and shade in drawing and painting
wavelength that you give a name to
when black is added to a hue
when white is added to a hue
Intensity/Saturation (as it applies to color
purity of a hue
the natural color of a thing in ordinary daylight
combinations of the light primaries
when pigments of different hues are mixed together and absorb more light
near or exact matching of two sides
various sides are balanced according to their size and meaning around a center of gravity
Scale and Proportion
Refers to making discriminating judgements, both favorable & unfavorable
-Focus attention on the composition of the work & how it may have been influenced by earlier works
-Created by looking at just the work of art itself (no need for outside info)
-Considers art as a product of culture and value system
-Looks at the social or historical context of a work of art
-Pay attention to the artist's expression of a personality or worldview
-Looking at the artist's life and the work of art
The suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc. that are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security
What is figure/ground reversal?
may be used as an intentional visual design technique in which an existing image foreground and background colors are purposely swapped to create new images.
What is the difference between open and closed sculptural forms?
Open sculptural forms interact with their space while closed sculptural forms tend to not interact with their space.
How does linear perspective work? What is the difference between 1- and 2-point linear perspective?
Linear perspective is where parallel lines that recede into the distance appear to get closer together or converge. The difference between 1 point and 2 point linear perspective is the number of vanishing points on the horizon line.
How does the color wheel work? What are the primary, secondary, and tertiary colors?
The color wheel shows the relationships between primary colors, secondary colors, tertiary colors etc. Primary colors are red, blue, and yellow. Secondary colors are orange green and violet. Tertiary colors are red-orange, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue violet, and red violet.
How are additive and subtractive mixing different? Which media uses additive mixing and which uses subtractive mixing?
The difference between additive and subtractive color mixing is that additive color mixing is what happens when we mix lights of different colors whereas subtractive color mixing occurs when we mix paints or other colored material. Painting uses subtractive mixing and digital media uses additive mixing.
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