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World History Chapter 2
Terms in this set (50)
What geographic feature had the largest impact on Egyptian culture and prosperity?
Settled agriculture developed first in Sumeria because of what particular natural feature?
Rivers that brought new soil with floods
The Sumerian mathematical system was based on units of 60,10, and 6 and survives in what modern system?
The most important source of our knowledge of ancient Jews has been?
The Hebrew Bible
Hammurabi's code was designed to
Regulate the relationships among his people and promote their welfare
Who worked the land owned by the king, nobles, or temples in ancient Sumeria?
Client Farmers and slaves
In 1300 BCE the Hitites and Egypitans formed an alliance that promoted trade and was joined by what other state?
Which of the following best describes a ziggurat-style temple?
Two characteristics that made Cyrus a remarkable warrior-king were his concept of empire and his
benevolence and humanity as a ruler
The pharaoh was responsible for integrating
gods and humans
In addition to papyrus, Egyptian heiroglyphs were
written on walls
In general, how did residents of ancient cities tend to view residents of rural areas?
City dwellers viewed themselves as more sophisticated
Taxation in Sumeria probably began as a system for supporting what feature?
One of the earliest gods worshipped by the Egyptians was Amon, god of
At what point did slavery become widespread in Egypt?
Ancient Egyptians believed that which pharaoh united Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom?
The Hebrew leader who captured the city of Jerusalem was
One of Cyrus the Great's goals in forming the Persian Empire was to protect eastern Iran from
Where in the city did Sumeria build their large ziggurat temples?
In the center of the city
The Hebrews created a monarchy with Saul by fighting what other Palestinian people in the eleventh century BCE?
Egyptians believed that what, or who, controlled the rise and fall of the Nile?
What city became the capital of Sargon's empire?
The destruction of the Assyrian Empire paved the way for the emergence of...
The Persian Empire
In the Egyptian religious system, who killed the god Osiris?
Seth, His brother
The term "history" comes from what early writer?
During the babylonian Captivity, the hebrew religion...
Early states used what method to control their populace?
Threats of violence
In Sumeria the people who were "clients" were
free people who were dependent on nobles
How did Herodotus share his written history of the Greek-Persian wars?
It was recited orally
were one of the most warlike people in history
In ancient Israel, the education of children
was the responsibility of both mothers and fathers
Ahuramazda and Angra Mainyu
represented good and evil
Hammurabi secured Babylon's cultural power through
his success in making Marduk, the god of Babylon, sovereign to all other gods
In mespotamia, what material was used for writing?
The frist states that historians know of were developed in what region?
In hammurabi's law code, who controlled a woman's dowry when she married?
The new kingdom was maredly different from the previous Middle and Old kingdoms by focusing more attention on
To rival the power of the temples, miltary leaders who became kings began to build what kinds of structures?
The phoenician's greatest cultural achievement was the
created of a phonetic alphabet
Afer Solomon's death, the Hebrew kingdom
was largely destroyed by an internal power struggle
Zoroaster taught that
people possessed free will and were accountable for their own actions
A contribution of the Hyksos to Egyptian society was through
the making of bronze
The earliest Sumerian writings
were pictographs in which each sign pictured an object
Hittites were different from the peoples of Mesopotamia and Egypt because of
their use of iron weapons and an indo-european language
Although reasons for writing changed over time, Sumerian scribes were first trained mainly to
property and wealth records
How does papyrus compare to clay tablets as a writing material?
It is more fragile and less likely to survive
The first rulers of Sumerian city-states such as Ur ad Uruk were
The name Phoenician is a Greek term derived from the Phoenician
Where did Sumerian scribes learn the cuneiform writing system?
Akhenaten's interest in monotheism failed in Egypt because
it was imposed on people and enforced by intolerance
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