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Politics of the United States
Civics Chapter 11 vocab. and quiz packet
Terms in this set (58)
National Security Adviser
the director of the National Security Council (NSC)
White House chief of staff
the president's most trusted adviser and the overseer of the work and operations of the White House and the Executive Office of the President (EOP)
one of the president's top assistants who is in charge of media relations
an official of the government who represents the nation in diplomatic matters
the official residence and offices of the ambassador and his or her staff; the primary function of an embassy is to make diplomatic communication between governments easier
a business that the federal government runs
victories politicians rewarding their supporters with government jobs
Civil Service System
government employment based on competitive examinations and merit
a federal employee who reports corruption or wrong-doing by the government
to remove oneself from participation to avoid a conflict of interest
a plan of action adopted by government decision makers to solve a problem or reach a goal
one who works for a department or agency of the federal government; a civil servant
an officer who develops relationships with the elected officials and congressional staff members who have authority over the work of his or her department
a private citizen or other who will be affected by potential rules and regulations
an order that will stop an action or enforce a rule or regulation
individuals and groups who work in a government agency and are most affected by its decisions
a relationship formed among government agencies, congressional committees, and client groups that work together
to remove regulation
overly burdensome regulations and requirements
(T/F) The public chooses the president's cabinet members.
(T/F) Congress approves the president's cabinet members.
(T/F) President Andrew Jackson was known for relying on the opinions of his cabinet members.
(T/F) The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) prepares the national budget for the president.
How can the president keep information confidential from other branches of government?
by exercising executive privilege
What is the role of the White House chief of staff?
overseeing operations of the White House and Executive Office of the President
(T/F) The Joint Chiefs of Staff of the military direct the National Security Council.
What is the role of the white House press secretary?
handling operations of the press corps and making public statements
Which government job must be nominated by the president and confirmed by Congress?
Secretary of State
How did Abraham Lincoln view the opinions of his cabinet members?
He did not rely on them at all.
(T/F) The Department of State is responsible for developing and implementing foreign policy.
(T/F) The Department of the Interior manages policy on farming, agriculture, and food.
False; Department of Agriculture
(T/F) Changes in policies of the U.S. Army or U.S. Navy must come from the Department of Defense.
(T/F) NASA is a cabinet department in the executive branch.
False; conducted missions relating to space exploration, technologies, and potential economic opportunities in the field of space
(T/F) Commissions within the federal bureaucracy are important because they regulate industries and have the power to punish people or groups that violate laws.
The role of the Department of Labor is to
protect and improve the productivity of workers.
Which executive department coordinates efforts to protect against terrorism?
Department of Homeland Security
Which of the following is a regulatory commission that protects human health and the environment?
Environmental Protection Agency
Which part of the government is most closely associated with advising the president?
The Department of Commerce addresses issues related to
American business and industry
(T/F) Thomas Jefferson originated the phrase "spoils system" in American politics.
False; Andrew Jackson
(T/F) The Civil Service Commission was set up due to corruption in the spoils system of appointing government jobs.
(T/F) In the spoils system and the civil service system, employees are hired based on merit.
False; Civil Service System
(T/F) The purpose of the civil service system is to fill government-related jobs with qualified people.
(T/F) The president appoints about 800 top-level jobs that require House approval.
False; Senate approval
A whistleblower may be a civil servant who
calls attention to wrongdoing
One way political appointees have shown unethical behavior is by
accepting gifts from lobbying organizations.
Which of the following is a job of a political appointee?
head of the EPA
Which is a characteristic of the spoils system?
Jobs are given to well-connected friends of the president.
(T/F) Federal bureaucrats help make public policy.
(T/F) Public input about the rules and regulations of executive agencies is not permitted.
False; is permitted
(T/F) Lawmakers can pass laws to alter the rule or regulations that a federal agency establishes.
(T/F) The cooperation between congressional committees, client groups, and federal agencies is called an iron triangle.
(T/F) Bureaucracy has grown in part due to industrial and technological advances such as nuclear power and space exploration.
People who keep track of bills moving through Congress are
What does not increase the size of the federal bureaucracy?
process for electing the president
What is a benefit of government regulations?
Workers are protected.
People who work for agencies and departments that implement laws are
How do citizens show their opinion about the size of the federal bureaucracy and federal workforce?
Freedom of speech
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