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an elected leader of venice


Muslims in spain


movement in which Christians sought to reconquer land


philosophical and intulectual-movement that attempted to harmonize reason and faith

chanson de geste

songs of heroic deeds


copy of roman basilica with a basic plan of thick heavy walls and heavy wood roofs with very small windows


introduced by abbot sugar of st denis that was much taller, had ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses, and had huge stain glass windows

great schism

the twenty year period where there was 3 popes. The papacy moved to Avignon and French cardinals caused rivalry.

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