30 terms

Looking at Movies, chapter 4


Terms in this set (...)

the art of telling a story
who or what that tells the story
voice over
when you hear a characters voice over the picture without seeing the character speak
Direct Address
when the first person character narrator interrupts the narrative to speak directly to the audience, breaking the fourth wall
all knowing narrator who tells the audience whatever they want the audience to know
Restricted Narration
limits the information provided to the audience to things only known by a single character
Round characters
Complex characters who can change throughout a movie
Flat Characters
uncomplicated characters, do not significantly change throughout a film
a central character in a story, movie, or drama who lacks conventional heroic attributes.
a character, group of characters, institution, or concept that stands in or represents opposition against which the protagonist(s) must contend
Normal World
universe laid out by the first several minutes of a movie, establishes the norm for the rest of the movie
inciting incident that presents a protagonist with the goal that will drive the rest of the movie
plot points
significant events that turn a narrative in a new direction
three act structure
a model used in screenwriting that divides a fictional narrative into three parts, often called the Setup, the Confrontation and the Resolution.
Screen writer
sites movie narratives, plates, and lines
script doctor
professional screen writers who are hired to review and edit a screen play
a filmmaker whose personal influence and artistic control over a movie are so great that the filmmaker is regarded as the author of the movie.
the branch of knowledge or literary criticism that deals with the structure and function of narrative and its themes, conventions, and symbols.
the events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds that form the world in which the story occurs
Diegesis elements
events, characters, objects, settings, and sounds
Nondiegetic elements
score music, titles, and credits
consists of specific actions and events that the filmmakers select and the order in which they arrange those events to effectively convey the narrative to the viewer.
The time a movie takes to unfold onscreen. For any movie, we can identify three specific kinds of duration: story duration, plot duration, and screen duration. Duration has two related components: real time and cinematic time.
story duration
The amount of time that the implied story takes to occur. Compare plot duration and screen duration.
Plot duration
The elapsed time of the events within a story that a film chooses to tell. Compare screen duration and story duration.
Screen duration
A film's running time. Compare plot duration and story duration.
real time
when a sequence is presented exactly as it occurs, without any edits or jumps in time.
stretch relationship
A time relationship in which screen duration is longer than plot duration. Compare real time and summary relationship.
cinematic time
The imaginary time in which a movie's images appear or its narrative occurs; time that has been manipulated through editing
ship of fools
stories involving a group of diverse people who must confront a common danger and through that experience must confront themselves as individuals and as members of a group