29 terms

Word History Vocab #3

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Renaissance
the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world
Humanism
A belief that emphasizes faith and optimism in human potential and creativity
Secular
Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Patrons
a person who supports artists, especially financially
Predestination
Calvin's religious theory that God has already planned out a person's life.
Theocracy
A government controlled by religious leaders
Indulgence
A pardon given by the Roman Catholic Church in return for repentance for sins
Vernacular
Everyday language of ordinary people
Protestant
a member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation
Reformation
a religious movement that produced a new form of Christianity known as Protestantism
Lorenzo de Medici
ruler of Florence who was an important patron (financial supporter) of arts and learning
Baldassare Castiglione
Italian aristocrat who wrote "The Courtier", which became a handbook for how to succeed in society
Michelangelo
Italian Renaissance artist that painted the Sistine Chapel ceiling and sculpted the statue of David.
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect
Francesco Petrarch
Italian author and humanist; a major literary figure of the Renaissance.
Niccolo Machiavelli
a statesman of Florence who advocated a strong central government (1469-1527)
William Shakespeare
English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616)
Johann Gutenberg
Man who created the printing press and changed the production and reading of books
Thomas More
English humanist who described an ideal society in Utopia
Peace of Augsburg
1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Edict of Worms
When Charles V exiled or outlawed Luther from The Holy Roman Empire or any of it's other lands.
Martin Luther
German monk, questioned the Roman Catholic Church, was excommunicated. Wrote the 95 theses
John Calvin
religious reformer who believed in predestination and a strict sense of morality for society
John Knox
Calvinist leader in the sixteenth-century Scotland (1505-1572)
Anabaptist
rejecting infant baptism and practicing believers' baptism.
Catholic Reformation
Catholic response to the Protestant Reformation; reformed and revived Catholic doctrine.
Council of Trent
Reaffirmed traditional Catholic teachings, forbade the sale of indulgences
Jesuits
members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
Henry VIII
was the English King who declared himself head of the Church of England

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