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Cell Wall

plant only, tough, provides support and protection

Plasma Membrane

thin barrier that controls movement of materials in/out of cell, maintains homeostasis (balance)


supports organelles, jelly like substance


large, round organelle that controls the cell and holds the DNA


produces ribosomes

Endoplasmic Reticulum

network of tubes that carries materials through cell. Smooth ER makes lipids (fat). Rough ER makes proteins.


small, round organelles found on ER or in cytoplasm that produce proteins

Golgi Apparatus

sorts, packages, and sends proteins throughout the cell


break down glucose (sugar), C6H12O6, molecules to produce energy.


breaks down food molecules and digests old cell parts


store food, water, waste

Large Central Vacuole

stores water in plant cells. Larger than the Nucleus.


use energy from sun to make glucose (sugar) for the plant (photosynthesis)


green pigment found in chloroplasts


provides internal structure, located in the cytoplasm


help animal cell division


specialized structures that perform specific jobs in the cell

Prokaryote Cell

unicellular cells that do not have a nucleus

Eukaryote Cell

usually multicellular, contain a nucleus and several membrane bound organelles

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