Eukaryote Organelles and Functions
plant only, tough, provides support and protection
thin barrier that controls movement of materials in/out of cell, maintains homeostasis (balance)
supports organelles, jelly like substance
large, round organelle that controls the cell and holds the DNA
network of tubes that carries materials through cell. Smooth ER makes lipids (fat). Rough ER makes proteins.
small, round organelles found on ER or in cytoplasm that produce proteins
sorts, packages, and sends proteins throughout the cell
break down glucose (sugar), C6H12O6, molecules to produce energy.
breaks down food molecules and digests old cell parts
store food, water, waste
Large Central Vacuole
stores water in plant cells. Larger than the Nucleus.
use energy from sun to make glucose (sugar) for the plant (photosynthesis)
green pigment found in chloroplasts
provides internal structure, located in the cytoplasm
help animal cell division
specialized structures that perform specific jobs in the cell
unicellular cells that do not have a nucleus
usually multicellular, contain a nucleus and several membrane bound organelles