27 terms

7th grade US & Canada

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Rocky Mountains
the largest mountain system in N. America, 3,000 miles along the western section
Appalachian Mts.
located in the east, the 2nd largest mountain range
Mt. McKinley
located in Alaska, the largest mountain in N. America
Death Valley
the hottest region in N.America, is located in the southwest section of the Great Basin
Mt. St. Helens
the best known volcano in the Cascades
glaciers
huge slow-moving sheets of ice
Canadian Shield
a huge layer of ancient rock that covers more than half of Canada
Great Lakes
the world's largest group of freshwater lakes
Mississippi River
the largest river in the U,S.
tributary
a stream or river that flows into a large river
St. Lawrence River
flowing from the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean, Canada's 2nd major river and important trade route
Continental Divide
boundary that separates rivers flowing to the Pacific Ocean from those flowing to the Atlantic Ocean
climate
the weather pattern an area experiences over a long period of time
elevation, water bodies, distance from equator
factors that impact an area's climate
4 climate areas of vegetation or plant life
tundra, grassland, desert, forest
tundra
found in the north, a cold, dry region covered with snow for more than half the year
permafrost
a layer of permanently frozen soil
grassland
regions of flat of rolling land covered with grasses
prairies
name given to N. American grasslands
province
a division in Canada like our states
coniferous
cone-bearing trees, like pine, fir, and spruce
deciduous
trees that shed their leaves in the fall
sugar maple tree
its leaf appears on the Canadian flag
hydroelectricty
electric power created by moving water
lumber, paper, furniture
uses of trees in the U.S.
fossil fuels
sources of energy that are formed from animal and plant remains
petroleum, natural gas, coal
examples of fossil fuels