53 terms

Ancient Egypt and Nubia

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Nubia
an ancient region in the Nile River Valley, on the site of present-day southern Egypt and northern Sudan
cataract
a large waterfall; any strong flood or rush of water; rapid
delta
a triangular plain at the mouth of a river, formed when sediment is deposited by flowing water
silt
fine soil found on river bottoms
source
the point of origin of something
pharaoh
the title of the kings of ancient Egypt, who were believed to be the children of the sun god Re
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family or ethnic group
absolute power
complete control over someone or something
regent
someone who rules for a child until the child id old enough to rule
proclaim
to declare to be officially or formally
afterlife
a life after death
mummy
a dead body preserved in lifelike condition
pyramid
a huge building with four sloping triangle-shaped sides; built as royal tombs in Egypt
Giza
an ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid
preserve
to protect form harm or damage
hieroglyphs
pictures and other written symbols that stand for ideas; things; or sounds
papyrus
an early form of paper made from a reed plant found in the marshy areas of the Nile delta; the plant used to make this paper
astronomer
a scientist who studies the stars and other objects in the sky
ore
a mineral or a combination of minerals for the production of metals
Lower Nubia
the region of ancient Nubia between the first and second Nile cataracts
Upper Nubia
the region of ancient Nubia between the second and sixth Nile cataracts
artisan
a worker who is skilled in crafting goods by hand
Alexander the Great
son of King Phillip of Macedonia-he conquered Egypt in 332 B.C.
amulet
a magical charm that protects against evil-they were added to the linen in which mummies were wrapped
ankh
the Egyptian symbol for life-a hieroglyphic symbol
archeologist
a person who studies the lives and cultures of ancient peoples
cartouche
an oval frame used to surround the hieroglyphic name of an important person, especially a pharaoh, in ancient Egypt
Cleopatra
ruler and queen of Egypt during the time of the Roman emperors Julius Caesar and Augustus-committed suicide in 30 B.C. after Egypt fell to the Romans
customary
something that has been done for a long time, according to custom
Hatshepsut
a powerful woman who became a pharaoh and ruled Egypt during the 18th dynasty
Ka
the ancient Egyptian concept of the human life force; like a person's spirit in other religions
Menes
the king who united Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom around 3000 B.C.
Memphis
a great city that once served as the capital of ancient Egypt
Nile River
flows from Central Africa to the Mediterranean Sea-Egypt depends so much on the waters of the Nile that it is sometimes called "the Gift of the Nile"
obelisk
a tall, slender, four-sided stone pillar shaped from a single stone with a small pyramid on top, with hieroglyphics carved on it
Ramses the Great (Ramses II)
known as the most powerful of all the pharaohs of ancient Egypt
Rosetta Stone
this carved stone, which was covered with writing in different languages, held the key to understanding the hieroglyphic writing of ancient Egypt
sarcophagus
a coffin or burial box usually made of stone
scarab
a beetle that was sacred to the ancient Egyptians because it was believed to push the sun across the sky each day
sphinx
an Egyptian stone monument usually having the body of a lion and the pharaoh was a god
Book of the Dead
The ancient Egyptian "Book of the Dead" is the part of the Egyptian religion. It is a collection of magical speeches and prayers that would be used by the person that died. It was designed to help and guide them so that they could pass the spiritual tests and enter the afterlife.
theocracy
a country ruled by a god-in Egypt, it was believed that the pharaoh was a god
Amun
creator god
Anubis
cemetary god who led the dead to judgement
Hathor
goddess of love
Horus
god of heaven, royal protector god
Isis
queen of all the gods, goddess of women
Montu
god of war
Osiris
god of vegetation, death and rebirth, judge of the dead
Re
the sun god
Sekhmet
goddess of war
Sobek
crocodile god, a Nile river god
Thoth
god of writing and knowledge