15 terms

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self-pollination
the transfer of pollen from the stamen to the pistil of the same flower
stamen
the male fertilizing organ of a flower, typically consisting of a pollen-containing anther and a filament.
dominant allele
An allele whose trait always shows up in the organism when the allele is present.
genetics
the scientific study of heredity
gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait
f generation
the first generation of offspring obtained from an experimental cross of two organisms
fertilization
Process in sexual reproduction in which male and female reproductive cells join to form a new cell
p generation
The parental generation is denoted as the P1 generation. The offspring of the P1 generation are the F1 generation (first filial). The self-fertilizing F1 generation produced the F2 generation (second filial). Inheritance of two alleles, S and s, in peas.
pistil
Female part of the flower
cross-pollination
pollination of a flower or plant with pollen from another flower or plant.
f2 generation
Offspring resulting from interbreeding of the hybrid F1 generation.
pollination
The transfer of pollen from male reproductive structures to female reproductive structures in plants
alleles
different forms of a gene
mendel
father of genetics
recessive allele
An allele that is masked when a dominant allele is present

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