Chapter 7 Ancient Greece Vocabulary
Terms in this set (24)
The largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC.
Cyrus The Great
Leader of the Persians who was known for treating his prisoners with more mercy than most leaders.
Leader of Persia who organized the empire into smaller regions ruled by "satraps" in order to rule more efficiently.
Following the Persian Wars, Greek city-states banded together to form a national army. It was called by the name because the account with the money was housed on the island of Delos.
A plain about 25 miles northeast of Athens where the Athenians defeated the Persians in 490 BC.
One of the earliest civilizations, located on the island of Crete. This is also where the Minotaur lived. They were not Greek because they didn't speak the Greek language. The civilization disappeared around around 1450 BC.
A war between Athens and Sparta.
A brilliant leader of Athens who was responsible for improving Athens by making a democratic government and beautifying the city-state with new temples and monuments which came to be known as the "Golden Age of Greece."
A series of three wars in Greece when the Persians invaded their country.
A mountain pass where the Spartans fought the Persians.
The son of Darius I, leader of Persia who led the Persian army in the battle of Thermopylae.
This was a hilltop that had a fort on top; locals could take refuge there. The Greeks built temples on the acropolis in each city-state to honor local gods.
This was an open area in town used as a marketplace but also was an area where the Greeks would gather, debate issues, choose officials, pass laws, and carry out business.
People who had the right to participate in government.
A type of government in which people rule themselves; "democracy" means "rule of the people".
ALL citizens take part in debates and voting on government matters.
Enslaved laborers that Spartans captured from other lands.
A government in which a small group of wealthy aristocrats are in power.
A group of warriors who stood close together in a square for better protection from enemies.
Thinkers who reflect on the meaning of life and are great teachers.
The Greek word for city-state.
Citizens elect a smaller group to represent them, make laws and govern on their behalf. The United States has this type of government.
Persian governor; means defender of the kingdom. They collected taxes, judged legal cases, managed police, and recruited soldiers for the Persian army.
Someone who seizes power and rules with total authority.