18 terms

6th grade ancient Arabia

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Arabia
a huge peninsula in southwest Asia that has no major rivers and receives little rainfall
caravan
a large group of people and animals traveling together
Mecca
one of the holiest cities of Islam
Empty Quarter
the world's largest continuous body of sand located in the Arabian Peninsula
Baghdad
capital of the Muslim Empire during its Golden Age
oasis
a well-watered area in a desert
nomads
people who wander from place to place in search of food
Islam
religion developed in ancient Arabia around A.D. 610
Muhammad
founder of the Islamic religion
Hijra
Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina was the turning point of Islamic history
minaret
a tower from which a call to prayer is issued
Muslims
followers of Islam
Allah
Arabic word for "God"
Dome of the Rock
a building in Jerusalem that marks the place where Muhammad supposedly ascended to heaven
Kaaba
the most holy Muslim shrine located in Mecca
Koran
the holy book of Islam
Caliphs
rulers of Islam following Muhammad's death
mosque
a Muslim house of worship