Upgrade to remove ads
Journalism 1002: Test 1
Terms in this set (56)
Written by Upton Sinclair, helped to expose poor conditions in meat packing, muckraking
Who coined the term muckraking and why?
Muckraking was coined by Teddy Roosevelt to show the distaste he had for journalists
Biggest vehicle for muckraking?
What is a muckraker?
A journalist, novelist or critic who exposed corruption and abuses in business, government and society through their work
The Effect of The Jungle
Led to reforms in meat packing but not in working conditions
"The job of the newspaper (journalist) is to comfort the afflicted and afflict the comfortable"
Quote by Finely Peter Dunne about the role of journalism
Very trustworthy, interested in crime and the down trodden
Published How the Other Half Lives and took photographs of horrid conditons of tenements - led to reforms
-Started McClure Syndicate magazine in late 1800s
-Starts writing about entertainment then turns it into a force for good
Ray Stannard Baker
Wrote about labor issues
"I aim at the publics heart and I hit them by accident in the stomach"
Quote by Upton Sinclair
Wrote investigative stories about John D Rockefeller and his corruption
What was the first African American newspaper?
Correspondent for the Chicago Defender
Known as the First Lady of the Black Press
Covered Civil Rights Era issues
The Chicago Defender
Founded by Robert Abbott
Major black newspaper
encouraged migration to the north
Dominant black public speaker
Born a slave
Ida B. Wells
Editor in Memphis TN
Anti lynching crusader
Succeeds Abbott at Chicago Defender
Fights segregation in the military
How did the Press Change during the Civil Rights Movement?
-Black press did not have same resources as white press
-White press began to cater to a black audience
Why did more sensational newspapers come to prominence during the 1920s?
Advances in photography allowed more sensational papers
What is a tabloid?
Smaller than an average newspaper
Focuses on crime and gossip
Did the public's appetite for crime news start with the tabloid?
No fascination with crime news goes back hundred of years and did not start with tabloids
Evening Graphic newspaper
Know as the pornographic
Printed on pink paper and had a Lonely Hearts section
What was radio coverage like in the 1920s?
Radio coverage was still very limited in the 20s
-Public went to movie theaters to get footage of various events
-Film and music important
-Narrated by a sensational voice
What form of media did papers use to criticize the KKK?
Papers used cartoon drawings to criticize the KKK
Political leader who seeks support by appealing to popular desires and prejudices rather than a rational argument
Big news stories of the early 20th century?
• Rise of FBI and gangsters
• Explosion of the Hindenburg
• Lindberg baby kidnapping
J Edgar Hoover
-Created FBI in 1935
-Kept files from press
Bonnie and Clyde
-Kidnapped and murder Charles Lindbergh's infant son
-Known as Trial of the Century
How did Franklin Roosevelt reach the people?
-Reached people through use of radio
-Known as "fireside chats"
Who was Walter Lippmann?
-Author of Public Opinion
Who was Heywood Broun?
-Strong advocate for justice
-Co founder of the newspapers guild union
Who was Huey Long?
-Strong critic of FDR
-Allied with Father Coughlin
-FDR called him "The most dangerous man in America"
Who was Father Coughlin?
-Initially supported FDR's New deal but then turned against it
-Very charismatic populist
-rallied against Jews and tapped into antisemitism
The Golden Age of Journalism 1920 - 1940
-News overseas was a huge lure
-Many news outlets were available
Why was it the Golden Age of Journalism?
-Specialization and education allowed journalism to thrive
Neutral war reporters
-Treated well by Germany and Austria
-French arrested reporters at front
What were the British/French policies regarding journalism?
-Strict censorship rules
-Press engaged in self censorship
Reason why the US entered WW1?
-British spies intercepts telegram that says Germany is trying to get Mexico to join war against US
General Pershing and censorship
-Wouldn't allow any soldiers to talk for the press except for him
Archie Roosevelt story
-Roosevelt wounded May, 1918
-AP story about medals was used to get around censors
How did the Germans feel as the end of WW1?
•Germans felt betrayed
•Believed their own propaganda
Who was Dorothy Thompson?
-Hailed as a journalistic hero and celebrity
Who was Edward R Murrow?
-A broadcast journalist who covered WW2 for CBS Radio
How did the government represent Pearl harbor in the US?
-Said the Japanese didn't do much damage
-Propaganda in favor of US
-Had a PR staff to deal with the press
- I Shall Return
•Led European campaign
•More open press policy
•Not afraid to ask reporters to self censor
•Reports threaten to write story about Patton abusing soldiers
•Get him scolded by Eisenhower
Who was Bill Mauldin?
-Cartoonist of Willie and Joe, a comic depicting a comical spin on soldiers lives in the war
Who was Ernie Pyle?
-Roving reporter in WW2, loved by soldiers
-Died in combat
How many reporters covered D DAY?
Over 500 reporters
What happened with the Germany Surrenders story?
AP's Edward Kennedy breaks embargo on the story believing the people have a right to know
The Atomic Bomb story
-NY times science writer Bill Laurence writes story on splitting atom for Saturday Evening Post
-Wrote about the aftermath of the bomb on Hiroshima
-Dubbed the finest piece of American journalism of the 20th century
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
1st Semester Authors
JOUR 200 test #2
Raffel final - Who am I?
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Journalism Exam 4
Journalism Exam 3
Journalism 1002 Exam 2
Film Genres Final (Horror/Melodrama)
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
ss ch 6 study guide
8th Grade Social Studies Mid-Term Exam 2015
Social Studies Unit 2 Test
History Exam 2