How can we help?
You can also find more resources in our
Select a category
Something is confusing
Something is broken
I have a suggestion
What is your email?
What is 1 + 3?
Most common portal of entry into the alimentary canal?
absence of the lower jaw due to failure of development of the 1st brachial arch
what species is agnathia most commonly seen in?
failure of fusion of the lateral palatine processes
example of drug that can cause palatoschisis when given to a pregnant queen or mare
failure of fusion of the upper lip along the philtrum
what is the common name for cheiloschisis?
inflammation of the oral and mucous membranes
inflammation of the gingiva
in vesicular stomatitides, vesicles form between what two layers?
epithelium, lamina propria
most common location of vesicles in feline calicivirus?
virus that causes foot and mouth disease?
virus that causes vesicular stomatitis?
virus that causes vesicular exanthema of swine?
virus that causes swine vesicular disease?
vesicular stomatitides start as intracellular edema which leads to ballooning degeneration in what cell layer?
of the four vesicular stomatitides discussed, which one is not reportable in the US?
FMD has low or high mortality in adults?
FMD has low or high mortality rates in the young?
cause of high mortality rates of FMD in young animals?
common name given to the heart of young animals suffering from FMD?
lesions of FMD can be seen post-mortem in what location of the alimentary canal?
FMD lesions tend to be more severe in which species?
lesions of vesicular stomatitis limited to what three locations?
mouth, teats, feet
san miguel sea lion virus is most closely related with which vesicular stomatitides?
non-infectious vesicular disease characterized by acantholysis
non-infectious vesicular disease characterized by the absence of acantholysis
condition caused by high blood/salivary urea, which gets transformed by oral bacteria into ammonia causing caustic injuries
main cause of papular/proliferative stomatitides?
bovine papular stomatitis is characterized by what type of degeneration in the stratum spinosum?
bovine papular stomatitis causes what kind of inclusion bodies?
zoonotic disease in humans caused by bovine papular stomatitis?
most common location of contagious ecthyma in goats/sheep?
calf diphtheria is caused by what bacterium?
what is another name for calf diphtheria?
focal granuloma or ulcer in oral cavity of cats and sometimes dogs
oral eosinophilic granuloma
chronic, idiopathic condition of cats characterized by inflamed gingiva, inappetence, and fetid breath (usually associated with FeLV & FIV)
the most common oral masses of dogs are fibromatous epilus of the periodontal ligament and _______________________
gingival hyperplasia most common in what type of dogs?
most common malignant neoplasm of the oral cavity of dogs
what percentage of oral melanomas in dogs are malignant?
most common type of oral neoplasia of cats
squamous cell carcinoma
3 location of squamous cell carcinomas in the oral cavity of the cat
tongue, tonsil, gingiva
in what species are oral fibrosarcomas most likely to be found?
does canine oral papillomatosis occur more frequently in older dogs or younger dogs?
canine oral papillomatosis causes cells in which cell layer to enlarge and undergo ballooning degeneration?
canine oral papillomatosis cause what kind of inclusion bodies?
lengthening of the mandible
shortness of the maxilla
shortness of the mandible
distemper infection in dogs during odontogenesis can lead to interference of the ameloblasts, decreasing enamel production causing what disorder?
segmental enamel hypoplasia
excess of what substances is of specific importance to destruction of ameloblasts and odontoblasts?
incorporation of pigmented chemical agents during teeth mineralization
major cause of enamel discoloration in younger animals
incorporation of porphyrins into dentin
odontoclastic resorption of the tooth neck followed by red granulation tissue overlying the gingival margins in cats
feline external resorptive neck lesions
non-mineralized composite mass of bacteria, food particles, and other tissue cells adhered to the tooth surface
a mineralized plaque
regression of the gum line with inflammation of the gingival sulcus and alveolus, with resorption of the alveolar bone and periodontal ligament
common, benign tumor typically of the periodontal ligament-type stroma
fibromatous epulis of the periodontal ligament
aggressive infiltrative tumor in dogs of the odontogenic epithelium that commonly recurs as a squamous cell carcinoma
canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma
cystic dilation of a salivary duct
pseudocyst (not lined by epithelium) filled with saliva
inflammation of salivary gland leading to sloughed cells forming a "nest" for mineralization
larger than normal tongue
abnormal pointed tongue in dogs which doesn't allow them to suckle, leading to death
bacteria that causes wooden tongue
infection of intact epithelium of the tongue and esophagus by candida albicans
what fungus causes thrush in the oral cavity?
diagnostic sign of thrush